2 EUKARYOTES ANTICIPATION GUIDE (Choices for each question include protists, fungi, plants, and animals.)1. Do not contain cell walls and can move2. Unicellular or multicellular organisms that live mostly in water3. Heterotrophic organisms that act as decomposers4. Multicellular, autotrophic organisms that have cell walls made of cellulose5. Can cause diseases like Malaria and African Sleeping Sickness6. Examples include mushrooms, molds, mildew, and yeasts.7. Classified as invertebrates or vertebrates8. Examples include algae, amoebas, diatoms.9. Classified as vascular and non-vascular10. Have cell walls made of chitinprotistsfungiplantsplantsfungiplantsfungianimalsanimalsanimalsprotistsprotists
3 Eukaryote characteristics: *A eukaryote is an organism whose cells have a true nucleus and membrane bound organelles.*They are classified into 4 separate kingdoms.*Can be unicellular or multicellular*Contain autotrophs and heterotrophsEukaryotic plant cellEukaryotic animal cell
5 Kingdom Protista (Protists) *Kingdom Protista is the kingdom from which the other eukaryotic kingdoms are thought to have evolved.*They can be unicellular, multicellular, or colonial.*Reproduce sexually or asexually.*Examples include all types of algae, amoebas, paramecia, and euglena.*Can be autotrophs or heterotrophs.*Some protists, like the euglena, can be both autotrophic and heterotrophic!
6 Types of protists:1) Animal-like protists- (protozoans) are grouped by movement. They use cilia, pseudopods, or flagella.2) Plant-like protists- mainly algae that go thorough photosynthesis.3) Fungi-like protists- decomposers like slime molds and downy mildews.
9 Benefits of protists:*Major source of food in aquatic ecosystems!*Phytoplankton produce most of our oxygen!*Red algae is used in food!Harmful effects of protists:*Cause diseases like Malaria and African Sleeping Sickness!*Algal blooms kill fish!*Dinoflagellates cause red tides that produce toxins in shellfish!
11 Kingdom Fungi:*Mostly multicellular.*Have cell walls made of chitin.*All are heterotrophs and obtain nutrition by feeding on dead or decaying matter.*Reproduce sexually or asexually.*Lack structures for independent movement.*Examples include yeasts, molds, smuts, rusts, and mushrooms.
12 Benefits of fungi:*Decomposers!*Make up many types of food!*Important in medicine! (Penicillin)Harmful effects of fungi:*Cause disease (ringworm, athlete's foot, jock itch, and nail, hair, & lung infections)*Spoil food.
14 Kingdom Plantae:*Multicellular autotrophs.*Have rigid cell walls made of cellulose.*Reproduce sexually or asexually.*Lack structures for independent movement.*Benefits of plants: -Provide oxygen! -Basis of food chain! -Building supplies! -Clothing!