Presentation on theme: "Black Management Forum BEE Conference BEE Codes of Good Practice – A perspective on their effectiveness 14 April 2005 LIONEL OCTOBER DEPUTY DIRECTOR-GENERAL."— Presentation transcript:
Black Management Forum BEE Conference BEE Codes of Good Practice – A perspective on their effectiveness 14 April 2005 LIONEL OCTOBER DEPUTY DIRECTOR-GENERAL ENTERPRISE AND INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT DIVISION, DTI
2 Outline Economic context Context of the Sectors Rationale for BBBEE BBBEE Transformation and Growth Imperative BBBEE Act Balanced Generic Scorecard Transformation Charters Code of Good Practice Preferential Procurement B-BBEE support i.e. Funding for B-BBEE
3 Economic context Non-racial democratic society consolidated Education successfully de-racialised Modest growth 2 –3 percent growth since 1994 Improvement of negative growth rate of 1980’s, but insufficient to address social challenges Income inequality amongst highest in the world Massive disparity in white and black incomes, ownership and access to employment opportunities Economy has undergone major transformation – macro economic stability, global integration
4 Context of the sectors 1.Very low levels of black participation -Black senior management accounts for less than 10% -Diminished black ownership in Sectors 2.Low levels of investments in areas of national priority -Infrastructure, Low income Housing, Black SMEs,Black farmers, BEE Transactions 3.Low levels of provision of effective access to services and products for low income groups
5 Rational for empowerment 1.Rationale essentially economic. 2.Higher growth path not possible without broad based empowerment. 3.Skills, low levels of entrepreneurship and low incomes are major constraints to growth. 4.Human and social dimension important given historical legacy. 5.High levels of inequality poses social,political and investment risk.
6 Black Economic Empowerment Transformation/growth Imperative Rationale essentially “economic” Double bind of low growth, slow transformation Not possible to raise growth rate without expanding entrepreneurial and skills base Growth/redistribution trade-off not relevant 5% Growth with significant empowerment possible in short /medium term Equal societies grow faster because of effective demand/consumption patterns Growth effects to be broadly distributed Equity base/shareholding to be broadened Balance operational control & passive investment
7 Brief Background to BEE Act 1.The State President assented to the BEE Act No 53 on 9 January 2004. BBBEE Act sets clear objectives for broad based empowerment BBBEE Act sets clear objectives for broad based empowerment Enabling framework for Codes of Good Practise Enabling framework for Codes of Good Practise Creation of a BEE Advisory Council Creation of a BEE Advisory Council Legislative endorsement for sector charters Legislative endorsement for sector charters Enabling framework for the establishment of the BBBEE Strategy 2. Publication of Charters: Mining Finance ICT Petroleum 3.Minister may make Regulations to promote BBBEE 7
8 Policy Instruments Legislation and regulation Preferential Procurement Use of the balanced scorecard in Granting of licences; Concessions to private enterprises; Sale of state assets; Public private partnerships; Any economic activity
9 Definition of BBBEE DTI encourages a broad based B-BBEE definition that is a process that: –Directly contributes to the economic transformation of South Africa; –Brings about significant increases in the numbers of black people who manage, own and control the country’s economy; and –Results in significant decrease in income inequalities –B-BBEE process will include elements of human resource development, employment equity, enterprise development, preferential procurement, as well as investment, ownership and control of enterprises and economic assets
10 BBBEE Strategy BBBEE is a process that directly contributes to the economic transformation of South Africa Draft B-BBEE strategy has been issued for public comments Update B-BBEE strategy B-BBEE Strategy Objectives Substantial increase of ownership and control of existing and new wealth; Substantial increase ownership and control of existing and new enterprises in the priority sectors of the economy A significant increase in the number of new black enterprises, black empowered enterprises and black engendered enterprises A significant increase in executive and senior management of enterprises An increase proportion of ownership and management of economic activities vested in community enterprises Increased ownership of land and other productive assets, improved access to infrastructure,acquisition of skills and increased participation in areas identified in the Urban Renewal Programme
11 Key Principles Underpinning BBBEE Black Economic Empowerment is Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment is an inclusive process Black Economic Empowerment is associated with good governance Black Economic Empowerment is part of our growth strategy –B-BBEE strategy stresses a process associated with growth, development and enterprise development and not merely the redistribution of existing wealth
12 Balanced Scorecard A basic and objective framework against which Transformation and Empowerment Achievements can be measured Provides a balance between imperatives for sectoral transformation and black economic empowerment Equal weighting to equity, management/ control, & enterprise development Application of scorecard License in regulated sectors – e.g. gambling or mining Concession to operate an asset on behalf of state Sale of state assets or SOE Enter into a PPP
13 Core Component of BEEIndicatorsWeighting scoreTargets Direct Empowerment Score Equity Ownership% share of economic benefits20%25.1% Management% black persons in executive management and/or executive board and board committees 10%40% Human Resource development and employment equity score Skills DevelopmentSkills development expenditure as a proportion of total payroll 20% 3% Employment EquityWeighted employment equity analysis10%50% Indirect empowerment score Preferential procurementProcurement from black owned and empowered enterprises as a proportion of total procurement 20%50% Enterprise DevelopmentInvestment in black owned and empowered enterprises as a proportion of total assets 10%5% (monetary investment) 10% (non-monetary investment) Residual 10% To be definedTo be determined by sector/enterprise10%3% facilitate inclusion of black people 3% to promote black economic empowerment 3% social investment, health, education and poverty alleviation Total Score out of 100% “The dti scorecard … will allow for a measure of flexibility…”
14 Transformation Charters [section 12] 9. (1) In order to promote the purposes of the Act, the Minister may by notice in the Gazette, issue codes of good practice on BEE that may include—(e) guidelines for stakeholders in the relevant sectors of the economy to draw up transformation charters for their sector; and 12.The Minister must publish in the Gazette for general information and promote a transformation charter for a particular sector of the economy, if the Minister is satisfied that the charter— (a) has been developed by major stakeholders in that sector; and (b) advances the objectives of this Act.
15 Transformation Charters The BEE Charter should incorporate the following: The BEE challenges in that sector; The sectors’ vision for achieving BEE targets and timetables; The specific mechanism to achieve BEE targets including financing instruments, skills development and employment equity, preferential procurement, enterprise development, as well as any additional mechanisms appropriate to specific sector; An assessment of the financing required to fund BEE transactions; The institutional and management mechanisms that will co- ordinate, facilitate, monitor and evaluate in the implementation of the charter; and Any other relevant issues and commitments relevant to the sector, in order to enable its participants to advance the objectives of BBBEE
16 Transformation Charters BBBEE is legally binding on government institutions BBBEE is a voluntary process and is not legally binding on private sector, but it is business savvy to formulate one. It is not expected that every sector will develop empowerment charters. The charter is binding to the sector with which it was adopted. Government strongly encourages sectors that interacts and/or transacts with any organ of the state to develop sector charter that set specific BEE targets and outline concrete plans to achieve these targets. The sector that interacts and/or transacts with any organ of the state shall be strongly encouraged, subject to certain qualification criteria, to formulate a sector transformation charter in order to accelerate the fulfillment of the objectives of the Broad-Based BEE Act.
17 Codes of Good Practice (1) In order to promote the purposes of the Act, the Minister may by notice in the Gazette issue codes of good practice on black economic empowerment that may include— (a) the further interpretation and definition of broad-based BEE and the interpretation and definition of different categories of black empowerment entities; (b) qualification criteria for preferential purposes for procurement and other economic activities; (c) indicators to measure broad-based BEE ; (d) the weighting to be attached to broad-based BEE indicators referred to in paragraph (c); (e) guidelines for stakeholders in the relevant sectors of the economy to draw up transformation charters for their sector; and (f) any other matter necessary to achieve the objectives of this Act.
18 Codes of Good Practice 10. Every organ of state and public entity must take into account and, as far as reasonably possible, apply any relevant code of good practice issued in terms of this Act in: (a) determining qualification criteria for the issuing of licences, concessions or other authorizations in terms of any law; (b) developing and implementing a preferential procurement policy; (c) determining qualification criteria for the sale of state-owned enterprises; and (d) developing criteria for entering into partnerships with the private sector.
19 Preferential Procurement Framework Changes made to the PPPFA regulations in order to align them with the B-BBEE strategy Use of balanced scorecard in determining preference points (broad-based approach) Minimum B-BBEE points required for preference points to be given Move from narrow-based to broad-based B-BBEE in determining preference points Next to review the PPPF Act to align it with the B-BBEE Act
20 BBBEE Support Relaunch of the NEF on 31 May 2004 Products with focus on addressing market failures R2bn capitalisation from National Treasury Khula Enterprise Finance Industrial Development Corporation Small and Medium Enterprise Development Programme Black Business Supplier Development Programme