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Nutrition, Physical Activity, & Obesity By Evan Picariello 12 th Grade Health.

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Presentation on theme: "Nutrition, Physical Activity, & Obesity By Evan Picariello 12 th Grade Health."— Presentation transcript:


2 Nutrition, Physical Activity, & Obesity By Evan Picariello 12 th Grade Health

3 What is the problem? Obesity 13% of students are obese 15% of students are overweight Unhealthy Dietary Behaviors 15% of students eat vegetables daily 34% of students eat fruits daily Physical Activity 31% of students attend physical education class daily *2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey

4 Benefits of Health Eating Healthy eating reduces risk of heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes (several leading causes of death) Proper nutrition promotes optimal growth and development

5 Consequences of a Poor Diet A poor diet can lead to energy imbalance A poor diet can increase the risk for lung, esophageal, stomach, colorectal, and prostate cancers. Drinking sugar-sweetened beverages can result in weight gain, overweight, and obesity. Eating fast food one or more times a week increases risk for weight gain, overweight and obesity.

6 Benefits of Regular Physical Activity Improves strength and endurance Helps build healthy bones and muscles Helps control weight Reduces anxiety and stress Increases self esteem How much Physical Activity? (Click Here)

7 Long Term Consequences of Physical Inactivity Physical inactivity and poor diet lead to becoming overweight/obese Increases risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and asthma Increases risk of dying prematurely or from heart disease

8 Health Effects of Obesity Childhood and adolescent obesity has tripled in past 30 years 18% of adolescents ages 12-19 are obese Overweight and obesity are the result of caloric imbalance

9 Long-term Health Effects of Obesity Adolescents that are obese are more likely to be obese as adults At risk for heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, several types of cancer, and osteoarthritis Increased risk for many types of cancers: cancer of the breast, colon, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, pancreas, gall bladder, thyroid, ovary, cervix, and prostate

10 Diet and Academic Performance Eating a healthy breakfast is associated with improved cognitive function (especially memory), reduced absenteeism, and improved mood

11 12 th Grade Students In 2011, 24% of 12 th grade students attended physical education class daily

12 Food Groups The five food groups are: vegetables, fruits, grains, dairy, and protein foods Eating the right amounts from each food group will provide you with a healthy, balanced diet

13 Water What does water do in my body? Keeps body temperature normal Lubricates/cushions joints Protects spinal cord and other sensitive tissues Helps body get rid of waste

14 Dietary Fat 20% - 35% of total calories should come from fat Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated are the more healthy fats

15 Carbohydrates Your body uses carbohydrates (carbs) to make glucose which is the fuel that gives you energy and helps keep everything going. You can find carbs in the following: fruits, vegetables, breads, cereals, other grains, milk, and milk products Healthier foods higher in carbohydrates include ones that provide dietary fiber and whole grains as well as those without added sugars.

16 Protein Proteins are part of every cell, tissue, and organ in our bodies Protein is found in the following foods: meats, poultry, fish, legumes, tofu, eggs, nuts, seeds, milk, grains 10% - 35% of your daily calories should come from protein

17 How much physical activity do I need? 2.5 hours of moderate intensity aerobic exercise and muscle strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week

18 Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins are organic substances (made by plants or animals), minerals are inorganic elements that come from the earth; soil and water and are absorbed by plants Vitamins and minerals, have a unique role to play in maintaining your health

19 Facts about Physical Activity Less than half (48%) of all adults meet the physical activity guidelines Less than 3 in 10 high school students gets 60 minutes of physical activity a day Physical activity improves health and helps people live longer and reduce risk of heart disease

20 Obesity Facts More than ⅓ of US adults (35.7%) are obese Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer In 2008, medical costs associated with obesity were estimated at $147 billion


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