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Aim: Discussing Ancient Chinese Legalism as a way of life.

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1 Aim: Discussing Ancient Chinese Legalism as a way of life.
Objective: Students will cite textual evidence to strengthen their responses. Do Now: What are some of the laws that you must obey when you are home? What are some of the consequences for disobeying rules made by your parents. Group A (1,2,3) Group B (4,5,6) Group C (7.8) Achieve 3000 Can animals sense Danger Legalism and Punishment in Ancient China The Teachings of Legalism

2 Vocabulary Stable- If something is stable, it is not likely to change or come to an end suddenly. Enforce- If people in authority enforce a law or a rule, they make sure that it is obeyed, usually by punishing people who do not obey it. Legalism- Chinese political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order

3 Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di
Statue paying respect to the first emperor of China Qin Shi Huang Di.

4 Purpose of Video The Students will review the video to learn important information about Legalism. They will discuss how Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di was able to unite of all China under a very strict system during the Qin Dynasty. The effects of his dynasty continue to be important today, for example the building of the great wall was an accomplishment of Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di. This information will be important to the independent activity.

5 Video hyperlink Discovering China - The Qin Dynasty—China's First Dynasty Flocabulary on Legalism (video describing legalism)

6 Legalism Beliefs Believed that people were bad and needed to be controlled Religion wasn’t involved Believed society needed strict laws People should be responsible for other people’s actions. Ex- neighbors and relatives should also be punished Scare people into obeying laws

7 Legalism There are 3 parts to Legalism ~fa (law) ~shi (legitimacy)
~shu (arts of the ruler)

8 Fa (law) Laws were written and made public
The laws ran the state the rulers did not Laws were enforced by strict rewards and punishments who do you think was allowed to create the laws to rule the people?

9 Shi (legitimacy) Keeping order was the first priority
Anyone could rule as long as laws were in place who do you think had the right to become the leaders?

10 Shu-arts of the ruler Rulers should not be kind
Being kind leads to failure They need to be strict otherwise people become disrespectful and lazy Think-Pair-Share Was legalism kind to common people? Was it too strict for a society to follow?

11 Mini Lesson Citing Details to Strengthen Our Argument
When reading you should actively highlight important details. They will help you understand the passage. Students should always CITE details Within their responses because they can strengthen your responses.

12 Legalism(I Do) Legalism was the approach that actually ended all the fighting, but at a heavy price: books were burned, and all free thinking was stopped. People were not inspired by their leaders, but scared. Almost all crimes had similar, harsh punishments. It didn't matter if you stole a loaf of bread or murdered a person - you were still a criminal. There was a strict punishment-reward system. Eventually, the people of Ancient China revolted and Legalism ended. What did legalism take away from people? According to the article “Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism.” one of the things taken away from people were books. The reason was because the leaders of the time did not want the citizens to become educated enough to revolt and fight back against their strict government.

13 We Do Passage “Legalism”
Han Fei believed that most people were naturally evil and selfish. Legalist taught that rulers should create detailed laws to train people to accept the rulers’ authority automatically. According to Han Fei, the only way to achieve a strong society was to create laws with clear punishments and rewards. What did Legalist believe rulers should do? How could leaders create a strong society? According to the passage …..,

14 Comparing the Main Chinese Philosophies
Which Chinese Philosophy do you think was best to serve the needs of the people? Why do you think a ball and chain is used to represent legalism in this picture?

15 Independent Practice Complete your Passages Exit Ticket
Exit Ticket Were the punishments harsh in Legalist society? (cite a detail from the article)

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