Presentation on theme: "Ann Graham, JD, MBA Professor of Law Director, Business Law Institute Hamline University School of Law Banking Law Prof Blog:"— Presentation transcript:
Ann Graham, JD, MBA Professor of Law Director, Business Law Institute Hamline University School of Law Banking Law Prof Blog: http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/banking/ Executive Compensation Clawbacks
Public Outrage: Make the Bad Guys Give the Money Back!!!
Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) § 304 (2002) Sarbanes-Oxley § 304 CEOs and CFOs of Public Companies Bonus, Incentive/Equity based compensation, Stock Sale profits 12 Months following incorrect public disclosure or SEC filing Due to Material Non-compliance with financial reporting Due to Company’s Misconduct Only SEC can bring action SEC initially used for “personal involvement” Moving to “no-fault” cases SEC v. Jenkins – Settlement 11/15/2011 ($2.8M of $4M) Maynard L. Jenkins – former CEO of CSK Auto
Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) Clawbacks Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (10/3/08) – (“EESA”)– Establishes TARP Requires Financial Institutions receiving TARP funds to establish clawback standards Trigger: Bonus or incentive compensation paid is based on statements of earnings, gains, or “other criteria” that are later proven “materially inaccurate” NOTE: Misconduct not required, Restatement not required Senior Executive Officers: CEO, CFO, next 3 most highly compensated execs Compensation recovered: Bonuses & Incentive Compensation
TARP Clawbacks Big Banks repaid TARP funds, avoided clawbacks & executive compensation caps Smaller Banks repaid Capital Purchase Plan (CPP) funds from other government programs GAO Report ( 3/8/2012) - http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-301 http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-12-301 Other Bank Bailout statutes & regs have different standards: 1. TARP Press Release – Guidance (2/4/09) 2. Capital Purchase Program (CPP) – Guidance 3. American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009 (2/17/09)
TARP/ARRA Clawbacks Institutions receiving TARP funds 5 SEOS and next 20 most highly-compensated Based on statements of earnings, revenues, gains, or other criteria that are materially inaccurate Note: Misconduct not required Accounting Restatement not required Duration: Clawback requirement applicable during period financial assistance remains outstanding
FDIC Clawback Regulations Senior Executives & Directors – substantially responsible for the failure of an insured institution Recover: Any compensation received during the 2-year period prior to FDIC’s appointment as Receiver In the case of Fraud Authority: § 203(b) of Dodd-Frank FDIC: “Compensation” is salary, bonuses, incentives, benefits, severance pay, deferred compensation, golden parachute & all other compensatory items ISSUE: D&O Insurance Rider
Executive Compensation Clawbacks Dodd-Frank Act – July 21, 2010 - § 954 SEC National Securities Exchanges – Listing standards must require LISTED COMPANIES to adopt a Compensation Recovery Policy: Adoption of Mandatory Recoupment Policies: Any current or former Exec Officer Any incentive-based compensation, including stock options Three-year period preceding date Accounting Restatement is required is based on erroneous data – No executive wrongdoing required Clawback amount: Excess paid on basis of Restatement Disclosure of Clawback Policy for incentive-based compensation paid out based on erroneous financial information reported under the Securities Laws
SEC Timeline & Open Questions July – December 2012 Consequence for company: Possible delisting When does triggering period commence? Decision to file restatement or when it occurs Definition of “Executive Officer” Definition of “Incentive-Based Compensation” Clawback based on award or payment of compensation?
CLAWBACK POLICIES “Bad Boy” Provisions in Employment Contracts Disclosure of confidential information Violation of company rules & policies Engaging in “detrimental conduct” State “Wage & Hour” Law Issues Tax Treatment of Clawbacks Income to Employee in Year of Actual or Constructive Receipt Employee takes a Loss Deduction in Year of Clawback Employer takes Deduction in Year of Payment Employer Income for Year of Repayment
Drafting Clawback Policies Statute Company Purpose: SH, EE, Public Perception Draft Narrowly Covered Employees Define Compensation Trigger Reachback Discretion? Who Administers? Is It Enforceable? Get consent of affected executives in writing up front Best Practice for Private Company?