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Traffic Light Decision Making

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Presentation on theme: "Traffic Light Decision Making"— Presentation transcript:

1 Traffic Light Decision Making
During your time in the outdoors you will encounter dangers; this is a certainty! It is essential that you develop the skill to recognize that the situation you are in is dangerous and could lead to injury or death. This presentation is designed to introduce you to hazards, accidents and how we can use the “Traffic Light Decision Making Model” to help us make safe decision when we are in the outdoors.

2 Lets look at some situations you will encounter at Glengarry: Can you identify the hazard?
2 1 3 4 6 5

3 Environmental Dangers
Accident Potential Environmental Dangers Environmental dangers are always in the bush. It is only when we venture into situations that we don’t recognise as being dangerous that the potential for an accident increases. Human Dangers Environmental Dangers Lack of awareness Lack of skill Lack of concentration Fatigue Breaking Rules Slippery Trail Cliffs Lightning Rain Dark

4 Environmental Dangers
Accident Potential Human Dangers Environmental Dangers Accident Potential How could the conditions change to make this crossing safe one day but dangerous the next What can you do during a trip to be on the look out for situations that may be dangerous? When humans begin to interact with environmental dangers and their awareness level is low, the potential for an accident increases. We must be constantly on the lookout for dangers.

5 Environmental & Human Hazard
Let us look at the photo opposite. Can you brainstorm a list of the: Environmental Hazards that could possibly lead to some kind of near miss or accident occurring? IE) What things are around this cliff that could lead to an accident? Human Hazards: What choices made by this human, could lead to this accident occurring? Environment Hazard Human Hazard

6 Unsafe Conditions that hikers have not recognised
Things that have led to deaths in the outdoors! This could happen to anyone that is unaware! Unsafe Conditions that hikers have not recognised Unsafe Acts that Hikers have done! Judgement Errors: Did not recognise the danger! Swift Water washing people away Too close to cliff edge, or crossing rivers in flood New situations that you have not been in before. Loose Rocks falling from above Not following safety rules Doing things to fit in and be cool in your group even though they are dangerous. Falling off Cliffs Travelling too fast for the conditions Not understanding instructions Being unprepared for severe weather changes Dehydration Distraction from dangers due to fatigue Not having the correct clothing Poor nutrition which leaves you depleted of energy Being a teenage boy, & thinking you are invincible.

7 Potential for accidents increases as you encounter more hazards and you make judgement mistakes
On a hike, if you encounter the following what do you think would happen to the probability of an accident occurring? You are tired, dehydrated, hungry. A storm hit and the track is wet, slippery, there is lightning about. You are in a hurry to get home for an important family dinner. You become shivering cold as you forgot your raincoat. The river you crossed yesterday has risen dramatically because of the storm run off. You must recognise these hazards & that the possibility of an accident occurring IS INCREASING. The Traffic Light System can help make a safe decision!

8 Traffic Light Risk Assessment Tool
A model for evaluating situations that appear dangerous Red Light Real danger is present & to proceed could result in death or serious injury Yellow Light Some danger is present but with care or the modification of risk you may be able to proceed Green Light Evaluation of risk determined it is safe to proceed

9 How Do You Recognise That Danger Is Present?
Gut Feeling: Have any of you ever experienced a sensation that something just does not feel right? You sense danger? Vertigo near a cliff edge. Riding too fast down a hill on your bike or skate board. Going out in the surf on a day it was just too big. What kind of feelings, thoughts or sensations were sounding a warning in your thinking? Lets share some other examples from people’s lives. Have you had a gut feeling that something is not safe!

10 What Should You Do If You Get This Feeling That You Are In Danger, Or Things Are Not Safe?
The first thing you and your group should do is STOP. By stopping you are remaining safe. This allows you time to THINK about the consequences of going further. If a teacher is nearby or you have a radio, use these resources for advice. If you are on your own or with other students the following steps should be followed!

11 List Your Concerns In Your Field Journal
Make a list of the things that you are identifying as being a concern to you or the groups safety. Next to each hazard or concern you now need to rate each one with regard to the consequence of something going wrong. This is done by giving each hazard a traffic light colour. A decision is then made regarding what to do. You can do one of the following three things.

12 Using Traffic Light Colours To Make Safer Decisions
If there is any threat to any one’s life or the risk of serious injury, you would give the hazard a RED light. This means that you AVOID the danger at all cost. If you can see a possibility of proceeding through a means of reducing the danger, you would give the hazard a Yellow light. This means you would do something to reduce the danger: EG: Use a rope to descend a steep slope, or link arms with group members to cross a fast flowing creek. If you have discussed the hazard and consider it safe to proceed, you would rate it a Green Light.

13 Example Of How We Might Use Traffic Lights
You are sitting on your bike at the top of the Glengarry drive. Your mate says to you, “lets go as fast as we can without using brakes and see how fast we can go”. Your gut feeling is sounding a warning. “I am not sure about this”. The first thing you should do is STOP. Then begin by mentally listing the hazards that exist in such a venture! Lets brainstorm what hazards there are and rate them with a Traffic Light Colour.

14 Hazard Identification

15 Hazard Rating Each Hazard Traffic Light Rating
SPEED High impact crash Red Loose surface Gravel Soft Edges Yellow Experience Level Of Rider = Novice Protective clothing Helmet = Limited not for downhill Trees close to road high potential to crash Any time you rate any hazard a RED you MUST NOT continue as the potential to be killed or severely injured is VERY HIGH.

16 CAUTION: This model can go wrong if!
You Fail To Concentrate Never let your guard down. Be constantly scanning your surroundings for dangers. Keep checking on “your gut feeling”. Ask the “What If” question. “What If I proceed, what could happen to me?” You Smell The Barn What does a horse often do when you turn him around and head for home? He takes off throwing all caution to the wind. Accident statistics tell us that near the completion of a trip, groups begin to sense the trip is nearly over. They start to rush, let their concentration down and fail to observe and evaluate dangers. Do NOT Rush! Be careful and deliberate right until the end of the trip!

17 CAUTION: This model can go wrong if!
The Risk Shifts Among teenage boys this phenomenon is something that could lead to a serious accident. Some inexperienced group members who are loud and dominant in personality, and have poor judgement about safety, can often influence groups to do something dangerous and silly. “I reckon we can all climb that cliff, we won’t fall”. The quiet introverted person may sense a gut feeling that something is wrong but may not speak up. “This just does not feel right, a fall from there and I’m dead, but I don’t want to look like a wimp in front these guys”. What should you do if a dominate group member is trying to force an unsafe decision on you?

18 CAUTION: This model can go wrong if!
You Have Poor Judgement You can only use this model successfully if you honestly speak up and share your ideas about your safety concerns. Glengarry staff will train you in this model initially teaching you how to use it to make safe decisions. We help build your judgement about what is safe and what is dangerous. If you do not recognise that something is dangerous, you may miss important clues that an accidents is about to occur. As the semester progresses you will be asked to demonstrate the use of the Traffic Light System for assessing dangers.

19 Transferability To Other Areas In Your Life
Traffic Light Decision Making can be used in all kinds of situations in life. Learn to use it now, then you have a tool to use for life! Oh, I love you, lets have unsafe sex? Should I take this Ice Tablet, nothing will happen to me? No that is a RED Light! To decide whether to drink and drive? Go on mate I have injected drugs before? To decide whether to speed in your car? Should I ride without my helmet?

20 Identify Hazards in This Photo
Hazard Environment or Human Rating Red Yellow Green What would you do to decrease the risk of losing an eye?

21 Identify Hazards in This Photo
Hazard Environment or Human Rating Red Yellow Green What would you do to decrease the risk of getting Gardia?

22 Identify Hazards in This Photo
Hazard Environment or Human Rating Red Yellow Green What would you do to ensure a safe campfire?

23 Group Work: Accident Scenario Analysis
Lets now split up into groups of 4! Each group will be given a scenario outlining a set of circumstances that has lead to an accident in real life. Your job is to analyse these circumstances and… Firstly make a list of the … Environmental Hazards Human Hazards involved Then utilise the traffic light tool to rate each hazard you identified based on the rating scheme that was discussed earlier. Click to obtain a Student recording Sheet for this activity

24 Any Question About The Traffic Light Model?
Summary: If in doubt STOP what you are doing. Use Traffic Light Model to guide your actions. Always err to the safest possible action. If unsure don’t do it. Any Questions or Comments?

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