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Andrzej Babuchowski Agriculture and Fisheries Section Permanent Representation of the Republic of Poland to the European Union.

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Presentation on theme: "Andrzej Babuchowski Agriculture and Fisheries Section Permanent Representation of the Republic of Poland to the European Union."— Presentation transcript:

1 Andrzej Babuchowski Agriculture and Fisheries Section Permanent Representation of the Republic of Poland to the European Union

2  20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to emissions from 1990  increase 20% share of renewable energy in final energy consumption  improved by 20% the energy efficiency  10% share of biofuels in the general consumption transport fuels

3 Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC  Deadline of implementing this directive is the 5th of December 2010 r.  In Poland, Ministry of Economy is responsible for this action

4  Sets mandatory targets in the share of renewable energy in the general energy balance in 2020:  for EU – 20%  for Poland - 15%  The share of biofuel was set out on 10%, both EU and Poland

5 Definining of sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids (directive RES, art. 17)  The greenhouse gas emission saving from the use of biofuels and bioliquids shall be at least:  35% - from the 1 st of April 2013  50% - from the 1 st of January 2017  60% - from the 1 st of January 2018  Biofuels and bioliquids taken into account for the purposes shall not be made from raw material obtained from land :  with high biodiversity value  with high carbon stock  that was peatland in January 2008

6 Agricultural raw materials cultivated in the Community and used for the production of biofuels and bioliquids shall be obtained  in accordance with the requirements and standards establishing common rules for direct support schemes for farmers under the CAP in accordance with the minimum requirements for good agricultural and environmental condition (regulation nr 73/2009)

7 The Commission shall report on national measures taken to respect the sustainability criteria for soil, water and air protection.  in respect of both third countries and Member States that are a significant source of biofuels/raw material for biofuels consumed within the Community  the EC shall report every two year  the first report shall be submitted in 2012

8  „Polish Energy Policy up to 2030”  Development of Agricultural Biogas Plant Trends for 2010 – 2020 Objective: promotion of investments on biogas plant end biogas production  Energy Law  Regulation of Ministry of Economy Objective: Provide to increasing share of agricultural biomass

9  In current regulation proportion of agricultural biomass is increasing up to 100% in 2017 (or 60% depend on type of instalation) in total amount of burning biomass  In project of this regulation share of agricultural biomass is decrease up to 75% in 2017 (or 30% depend on type of instalation) in total amount of burning biomass  It is not compatible with „Polish Energy Policy up to 2030” and „National Renewable Energy Action Plan” These acts protects forests!

10 2005200620072008 EU 27 81 426 87 332 91 807 102 315 Poland 4 346 4 844 4 919 5 186

11  Act on biocomponents and liquid biofulels  „National Target Indicators for the Years 2007 – 2013” Should provide substitution of fuels used in transport by biofuels on the minimum level 5,75% in 2010 and 10% in 2020  „Multiannual Biofuels Promotion and Other Renewable Fuels Programme for the Years 2008 – 2014”



14  Positive impact on the environment - reduce greenhouse gas emissions  Security of energy supply  Promoting technological development and innovation  Providing opportunities for employment and regional development, especially in rural and isolated areas However, widespread use of RES generates costs relates to the introduction of new technologies

15 The policy of rural and agricultural development should contribute to mitigation the climate change and adapting to its effects. The policy should promote a number of actions concerning:  water management – in order to improve water retention and flood protection measures  protection against erosion  afforestation - improved retention and protection against erosion, absorption of greenhouse gases  modernisation of transport - construction and power solutions in view of energy efficiency  biodiversity protection - the indigenous species are at risk of being driven out

16 Rural areas development is linked with electrification. RES should be the instrument to this actions, because of the possibility to:  Reduce losses in electricity transmission  Improve the energy input parameters  Being the impulse to develop of rural areas - new workplaces  Opportunity to diversify and increase farm income

17  Import of energy biomass requires carrying out a comprehensive analysis of economic, environmental and social effects of such activity  It is unacceptable to import biomass which is not produced in conformity with sustainability criteria  Import of agriculture biomass for energy purposes should be limited to the quantities which are really needed  The import of biomass and biofuel should not be the basic for realization of the Climate - Energy Package aims

18 Funding bioenergy in rural areas from the Regional Operational Programmes The following projects are financed: < 20 million PLN (ca. 5 M€) < 10 million PLN (ca. 2.5 M€).for small hydro-power stations up to 10 MW as well as electricity produced from biomass or biogas

19 Rural Development Programme 2007 - 2013  Modernisation of agricultural holdings  Diversification into non-agricultural activities  Support for business creation and development  Basic services for the economy and rural population

20 Within Rural Development Programme, self- governments can be supported for bio energy projects (Measure 321) on conditions that the projects are made in: Settlements belonging to the rural communities, Settlements belonging to municipal/rural communities excluding towns above 5 thousand inhabitants Towns of population below 5 thousand Project can involve more than one settlement

21 RDP Measure 321 – Basic services for economy and rural communities Beneficiary - rural communities: Max. value of the investment - 3 million PLN (0.75 M€) Grant - 40% of the value of investment

22  Article. 28, Council Regulation (EC) 1698/2005 on support for rural development by European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) provides that support in the framework of Added value to primary agricultural and forestry production RDP action, may be granted only for products included in Annex I of the Treaty of UE  This means that the support is not for RES

23 RDP for food enterprises and farmers Food enterprises Measure 123 – Increase added value to primary agricultural and forestry production Beneficiaries - SMEs Max. value of grant 20 million PLN (ca. 5 M€) Intensity of support – up to 40%

24 Farmers Measure 311 – Differentiation for non- agricultural activities Beneficiaries – farmers and memebrs of their families Max. value of grant 0,100 million PLN (ca. 25 000 €) Intensity of support – up to 50%

25 Measure 312 – Establishment and development of microenterprises Beneficiaries – private or legal entities with less than 10 employees and turnover below 0.5 M€ Max. value of grant 0,300 million PLN (ca. 75 000 €) Intensity of support – up to 50%

26  Operational Programme Infrastructure and Environment  Regional Operational Programme  National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water  Bank Protection of Environment

27  One of the priorities of polish presidency is: „Biomass, renewable sources as and element of energetic security improvement and economy development in EU”  Conference of Ministerial – the 16th of July 2011, Sopot, Poland „Energetic utilization of agriculture biomass as an important element of the Common Agricultural Policy”

28  The basic and priority task of agriculture in the EU is food production  The production potential of agriculture will be an important source to meet the increased demand for bioenergy raw materials  Agricultural crops for energy purposes should use environmentally friendly technologies. It is important to follow the demand on food products (forecasts indicate an approximately 50% increase in demand for food in 20-30 years)  It is needed to place particular emphasis on the use by-products and waste from agriculture and agri-food industry for energy purposes  Agriculture biomass for energy purposes should be used locally, especially in micro and mini plants. Biomass transport for distance more than 50-100 km does not support energy policy

29 Thank you for your attention

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