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Published byBrenda Cook Modified over 7 years ago
MCA DoLS a view from the CQC
The Mental Capacity Act is the essential framework for balancing FREEDOM (wherever possible) with PROTECTION (when essential, and the lightest possible touch) in the person’s best interests
The Changed Landscape March 2014: the publication of the House of Lords committee report on the implementation of the MCA Supreme Court ruling Great changes to the landscape of health and social care DH, CQC, NHS England, ADASS, Court of Protection, the medical Royal Colleges, Law Society, Law Commission, OPG and others all acting collaboratively to improve implementation Providers applying in unprecedented numbers to seek authorisation for deprivation of liberty
A “gilded cage” is still a cage…
CQC response in the short term Acknowledging that supervisory bodies are under strain Providers will be assessed as compliant with the MCA if where appropriate They understand the key points of the Supreme Court ruling and they are doing their best to seek authorisation In discussion with supervisory bodies and commissioners Doing all they can to minimise the need for deprivation of liberty – can care or treatment be given in a less restrictive way? Some concern among inspectors that delays are lengthening Anecdotal reports from providers that they are being told by local authorities not even to put in requests
House of Lords MCA committtee Recommendation for CQC: “The standards against which the CQC inspects should explicitly incorporate compliance with the Mental Capacity Act, as a core requirement that must be met by all health and care providers”.
Commitments before this recommendation Chief Executive promised the HoL Committee in evidence that he would “ensure that mental capacity is built into the way that we conduct our inspections – whether of hospital services, community healthcare services or adult social care services”. Commitment in 4 th annual DoLS report: the three Chief Inspectors will ensure that MCA principles are hardwired into our new model for regulation and inspection in all services registered with CQC. “no excuse for services…not to have achieved clear policies and practices that comply with the MCA.” (foreword to DoLS report)
On-going actions Specific MCA KLOE with prompts – the same over all sectors we regulate (adult social care, acute hospitals, primary and community medicine) Five questions: is a service safe, effective, caring, responsive and well led? MCA under the ‘Effective’ domain, linked to the new regulation on consent MCA part of the descriptors in the new ratings system: ‘outstanding’, ‘good’, ‘requires improvement’ and ‘inadequate’.
CQC new regulations A - Breach is not a criminal offence B - Prosecutable without a Warning Notice C - CQC can prosecute if provider fails to provide information required Person-centred care Need for consent Receiving and acting on complaints Dignity and respectSafe care and treatmentGood governance Staffing Safeguarding service users from abuse Fit and proper persons employed Meeting nutritional needs Fit and proper person requirement for directors Cleanliness, safety and suitability of premises and equipment Duty of candour
Extracts from ‘what good looks like’ (for ratings) People are supported to make decisions and, where appropriate, their mental capacity is assessed and recorded. The use of restraint is understood and monitored, and less restrictive options are used where possible. Deprivation of liberty is recognised and only occurs when it is in a person’s best interests, is a proportionate response to the risk and seriousness of harm to the person, and there is no less restrictive option that can be used to ensure the person gets the necessary care and treatment. The Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards, and orders by the Court of Protection authorising deprivation of a person’s liberty, are used appropriately.
DoLS fit inside MCA which fits inside human rights law
Authorisation provides protection Even though the House of Lords MCA Committee report criticised DoLS, and they are under revision, CQC’s role is to inspect against the MCA in its current form. We welcome the increase in recognition of when people are deprived of their liberty. The unprotected people are the ones where the light of independent scrutiny never shines on arrangements – they are at risk of disproportionate restraint or even deprivation of liberty House of Lords found overwhelming evidence of health services being paternalistic and social care services risk- averse – probably both are both! Deprivation of liberty (or restraint) often not even recognised: The search for less restrictive options must be continuous.
Ancient Chinese Curse…
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