2 7.1 The Roman RepublicRead & take Cornell Notes on the following cues:Rome’s Geography and BeginningsThe Roman RepublicThe End of the Republic
3 7.1 The Roman Republic Quiz The story of Romulus and Remus showed the Romans valuedA. cities in low, flat areas. C. people abandoned by the godsB. Lawbreakers D. loyalty and justiceThe Romans created a republic toA. Limit the powers of any king C. make everyone a citizenB. Defend themselves D. limit religious freedomThe main reason many plebeians were out of work in Rome was thatA. Patricians worked on C. Huge farms had beentheir own land broken up into small farmsB. Slaves did much of the work D. Roman law required it
4 7.1 The Roman Republic Quiz Roman armies conqueredA. GreeceB. CarthageC. SpainD. All of the aboveWho killed Julius Caesar?A. His wifeB. The emperor of RomeC. A group of senatorsD. A soldier from Gaul
5 Rome’s Geography and Beginnings Legend of Romulus and Remusbuilt city of RomeRomans valued loyalty and justicelawbreakers severely punishedfavor of the gods very imp
6 Rome’s Geography and Beginnings 7 hills made Rome easy to defendfertile soil, Tiber Riverflows through the citycenter of peninsulacenter of Mediterranean SeaLocation made Rome easy to defendRomeMediterranean SeaGreece
7 The Roman RepublicEtruscans took power in Rome in 600 BC and ruled until about 500 BC when they were driven from powerRuled Rome with their kingsThe Romans adopted their clothing (togas), gods and written language (Greek alphabet)Other groups that controlled parts of the area were the Greeks and CarthaginiansRomeTurn to page 211 in your Ancient World TextbookRAP the identify map activity questions
8 The Roman Republic Republic established citizens vote to choose leadersmost powerful part of government was senateat first led by 300 patricians (upper class)ordinary citizens (plebeians) little to no powerconflict b/t patricians & plebeians led to Laws of the Twelve Tables
9 The Roman Republic Senate Dictator Consul Consul A dictator was only appointed for up to 6 months during emergenciesConsulConsul2 chief officials (Consuls) were elected so one would not have all the powerSenateA group made up of 300 elected men who advised the consuls on foreign affairs, laws and finances. At first it was only the Patricians, but later on, Plebeians could be senatorsPatricians- wealthy, upper-class citizens (Rich guys)Plebeians- Ordinary citizens. (Poor Guys)On your notebook paper and using pages to try and fill in the diagram with and explanation for each section.
10 The Roman RepublicEven though they could be senators, the plebeians felt powerlessPlebeians began to lose their farms and jobs to the PatriciansEventually, the poor threatened to not serve in the Roman ArmyConflict b/t patricians & plebeians led to Laws of the Twelve TablesThe Senate began to lose it’s power and the rich hired private armies to fight for control of Rome
11 The End of The Republic Roman army conquered large territory 100 B.CRoman army conquered large territoryCarthage, Spain, GreeceConflict between patricians and plebeians led to civil warRome lost powerJulius Caesar rose as powerful leaderBrought lots of wealth to Romeconquered Gaul 51 BCReturned to Rome 49 BCBecame only Consul 45 BCBecause Caesar became so powerfulhad become a dictator for life 44 BC, senate resented himwas assassinated at a senate meetingRome fell into civil war until Caesar’s son (Octavian/Augustus) was chosen by the senate to become emperor of RomeWhy did the Roman senate resent Caesar’s growing power?40 B.C
12 Follow Up QuestionsRAP the following into your notebook paper after spelling the answer out with alphabet noodles with your pod!Who were the early settlers of Rome before the Romans?What was the name of the government of Rome that had 2 Consuls and a Senate?Who was the Roman General who returned from Gaul to take over Rome?What was the name given to Caesar’s adopted son who was the 1st Emperor of Rome?5. What other forms of early government have we studied this year?