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7.1 The Roman Republic.

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Presentation on theme: "7.1 The Roman Republic."— Presentation transcript:

1 7.1 The Roman Republic

2 7.1 The Roman Republic Read & take Cornell Notes on the following cues: Rome’s Geography and Beginnings The Roman Republic The End of the Republic

3 7.1 The Roman Republic Quiz
The story of Romulus and Remus showed the Romans valued A. cities in low, flat areas. C. people abandoned by the gods B. Lawbreakers D. loyalty and justice The Romans created a republic to A. Limit the powers of any king C. make everyone a citizen B. Defend themselves D. limit religious freedom The main reason many plebeians were out of work in Rome was that A. Patricians worked on C. Huge farms had been their own land broken up into small farms B. Slaves did much of the work D. Roman law required it

4 7.1 The Roman Republic Quiz
Roman armies conquered A. Greece B. Carthage C. Spain D. All of the above Who killed Julius Caesar? A. His wife B. The emperor of Rome C. A group of senators D. A soldier from Gaul

5 Rome’s Geography and Beginnings
Legend of Romulus and Remus built city of Rome Romans valued loyalty and justice lawbreakers severely punished favor of the gods very imp

6 Rome’s Geography and Beginnings
7 hills made Rome easy to defend fertile soil, Tiber River flows through the city center of peninsula center of Mediterranean Sea Location made Rome easy to defend Rome Mediterranean Sea Greece

7 The Roman Republic Etruscans took power in Rome in 600 BC and ruled until about 500 BC when they were driven from power Ruled Rome with their kings The Romans adopted their clothing (togas), gods and written language (Greek alphabet) Other groups that controlled parts of the area were the Greeks and Carthaginians Rome Turn to page 211 in your Ancient World Textbook RAP the identify map activity questions

8 The Roman Republic Republic established
citizens vote to choose leaders most powerful part of government was senate at first led by 300 patricians (upper class) ordinary citizens (plebeians) little to no power conflict b/t patricians & plebeians led to Laws of the Twelve Tables

9 The Roman Republic Senate Dictator Consul Consul
A dictator was only appointed for up to 6 months during emergencies Consul Consul 2 chief officials (Consuls) were elected so one would not have all the power Senate A group made up of 300 elected men who advised the consuls on foreign affairs, laws and finances. At first it was only the Patricians, but later on, Plebeians could be senators Patricians- wealthy, upper-class citizens (Rich guys) Plebeians- Ordinary citizens. (Poor Guys) On your notebook paper and using pages to try and fill in the diagram with and explanation for each section.

10 The Roman Republic Even though they could be senators, the plebeians felt powerless Plebeians began to lose their farms and jobs to the Patricians Eventually, the poor threatened to not serve in the Roman Army Conflict b/t patricians & plebeians led to Laws of the Twelve Tables The Senate began to lose it’s power and the rich hired private armies to fight for control of Rome

11 The End of The Republic Roman army conquered large territory
100 B.C Roman army conquered large territory Carthage, Spain, Greece Conflict between patricians and plebeians led to civil war Rome lost power Julius Caesar rose as powerful leader Brought lots of wealth to Rome conquered Gaul 51 BC Returned to Rome 49 BC Became only Consul 45 BC Because Caesar became so powerful had become a dictator for life 44 BC, senate resented him was assassinated at a senate meeting Rome fell into civil war until Caesar’s son (Octavian/Augustus) was chosen by the senate to become emperor of Rome Why did the Roman senate resent Caesar’s growing power? 40 B.C

12 Follow Up Questions RAP the following into your notebook paper after spelling the answer out with alphabet noodles with your pod! Who were the early settlers of Rome before the Romans? What was the name of the government of Rome that had 2 Consuls and a Senate? Who was the Roman General who returned from Gaul to take over Rome? What was the name given to Caesar’s adopted son who was the 1st Emperor of Rome? 5. What other forms of early government have we studied this year?

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