2 Anticipatory SetWhat are some factors that led to the destruction of other empires you have studied?
3 StandardsH-SS – Students analyze the causes and effects of the vast expansion and ultimate disintegration of the Roman Empire
4 Key Terms Corrupt - dishonest Money supply – the total amount of money in an economyInflation – general rise in the cost of goods
5 Big IdeaUnstable government, high taxes, and splitting the empire in two all contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire
6 Political and Economic Trouble The Pax Romana ended in AD 180 with the death of the emperor Marcus AureliusLast of the five powerful emperors who kept the empire strong and united
7 Unstable Government The decline began with a series of weak emperors Commodus (Marcus’ son) was corruptIn the 50 years after AD 235, there were 21 emperors!
8 High Taxes The civil wars created enormous economic problems One reason for the people’s inability to pay their taxes was that the empire’s supply of gold and silver coins was decliningMore coins left the empire than could be replaced
9 Price InflationEmperors tried to increase the money supply by issuing coins made of less precious metalAs a result, merchants raised their pricesInflationInflation hurt commerce, and made it difficult to supply the army
10 Diocletian Divides the Empire In 248 the empire got a capable emperor: DiocletianReorganized the imperial government from top to bottomDouble the size of the armyIncreased the number of magistratesSplit the empire into two parts:Eastern Roman EmpireWestern Roman Empire
11 Diocletian Divides the Empire Reforms looked good on paper… but were expensive to carry outTo pay soldiers he raised taxesLed many farmers to abandon their farms when they couldn’t payLoss of farms weakened the empire’s already struggling economy
12 Constantine’s New Capital A military officer named Constantine defeated his rivals to become ruler after Diocletian’s deathIn 330, began work on an impressive new capital which is now TurkeyHe built his “New Rome” on the site of an old Greek city called ByzantiumAfter his death the city was renamed Constantinople
13 Political and Economic Troubles Read Political and Economic Troubles on pages of your textbook
14 The Collapse of the Empire Unstable government and economic problems weakened the Roman Empire from withinThe empire was also being attacked along its bordersThe most serious threat was from the Germanic peoples of Eastern Europe
15 The GermansTwo great rivers, The Rhine and the Danube, marked the northern and eastern boundaries of the Roman Empire in EuropeRomans called the people living past these frontiers “Germans”By the time of Constantine, thousands of Germans had joined the Roman army
16 Barbarians on the MoveThe crisis that would test the Roman Empire’s border legions came from the Huns of Central AsiaIn the 300s, the Huns conquered northern ChinaThen they turned towards EuropeGermans fled in terror
17 Barbarians on the MoveIn 376, the Goths crossed the Danube, entering the empireWhen the Romans tried to drive them back, they were badly defeatedOther groups followed, and the western provinces were taken over by peoples who set up their own Germanic kingdoms
18 The Fall of Rome In time, Rome itself came under attack Visigoths invaded Rome in 410 and looted the cityIn 455, Vandals attached Rome a second timeTheir raid was so destructive that we still use the term “vandalize”
19 The Fall of Rome Rome never recovered from these attacks Historians have used the date 476 to mark the fall of the Roman EmpireHowever, Roman peace, order, and government had collapsed long before that date
20 The Fall of RomeIn the Eastern Roman Empire, Constantinople survived as the capital of what is still called the Roman EmpireIts people still saw themselves as Romans, although their main language was GreekToday the Eastern Roman Empire is known as the Byzantine EmpireWas not defeated by barbarians, and would last another thousand years
21 Check For Understanding What were Rome’s economic problems?
22 Check For Understanding What were Rome’s economic problems?Rome’s economic problems were high taxes and inflation.
23 Guided PracticeHow did economic problems affect the poor in Roman society?
24 Guided PracticeHow did economic problems affect the poor in Roman society?Rome’s economic problems affected the poor in that they were not able to pay taxes, which caused most of them to become slaves.
25 Independent PracticeComplete Rome 20-3 Independent Practice