Reform Leaders Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus the poor should be given grain and small plots of free land. Military Reformer Gaius Marius recruited an army from the poor and homeless. professional standing army.
PompeyPompey Civil War & Dictators Julius Caesar
63 BC – Rome controls Judea –Self-govern –Jewish kings ruled as Reps of Rome 6 AD – Rome made Judea a Providence Jews are divided 1.Zealots – wanted to rid Judea of Romans 2.Messiah – biblical tradition-God would send messiah to restore Kingdom of Jews
SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY Peter, Paul, and James Leaders of movement Traveled and spoke all over the world –Jesus was son of God and died for our sins Paul –Never saw Jesus, had vision –Traveled around Mediterranean to Mesopotamia to Rome
DECLINE OF ROME 180 AD – Death of Marcus Aurelius –Last good Emperor –Ended Pax Romana and Golden Age Struggles for Power –50 Emperors in 26 years –One died of natural death –Overthrown or assassinated
The Legacy of Rome Republic Government Roman Law Latin Language Roman Catholic Church City Planning Romanesque Architectural Style Roman Engineering Aqueducts Aqueducts Sewage systems Sewage systems Dams Dams Cement Cement Arch Arch