Presentation on theme: "Aim: How did internal and external forces lead to the fall of Rome? Do Now: Copy the vocabulary in your notebooks Turning point- a large change in history."— Presentation transcript:
Aim: How did internal and external forces lead to the fall of Rome? Do Now: Copy the vocabulary in your notebooks Turning point- a large change in history Decline- to reduce or go down Corrupt- not ethical or dishonest (shady) Mercenaries- soldiers that fight for money External- outside Internal- inside
Class Work As a class, we will read the “Introduction”. After listening and reading the text, we will answer questions 1 & 2 After completion of the Introduction activity, all students will complete documents 1-3 (10 minutes)
Why did the Roman Empire collapse? All students will complete tasks: 1) Copy the paragraph into your notebook 4) On your sheet, number the problems according to which you think was the most serious faced by the Roman Empire (1=biggest problem 12=smallest) 5) On the back of the worksheet, write down the biggest problem. a)Explain why you chose it b)Discuss some solutions to the problem c)If there is time, repeat for your 2 nd & 3 rd largest problems
Homework Write a report to the Emperor of Rome You are trying to save Rome from collapsing Please write an explanation of the problems faced by the Roman Empire Discuss possible solutions to these problems Your response should be at least 2 paragraphs (counted as a quiz grade, due Thursday 12/2/10)
Aim: How did internal and external forces lead to the fall of Rome? Do Now: Complete Drill Fall of Rome using the reading from yesterday. Answer questions 1-5
Vocabulary Inflation- Large drop in the value of money and rise in the prices of goods Mercenary- Foreign soldiers who fought for money Diocletian-Strong willed army leader and Roman Emperor Constantinople-New name for Byzantium under Constantine Attila- Powerful chieftain of Huns
How did internal and external forces lead to the fall of Rome? Think- Pair-Share In pairs, complete reading the Fall of the Roman Empire Answer questions, 1-3 and Skill builder
Student Debrief As we go through the slides, please fill in your notes on the Roman Empire
Economic Troubles Decline begins after the pax romana in 3 rd Century Invaders made trade unsafe on sea and on roads The rich spent gold and silver on luxury items from Asia which drained Rome of these precious metals Rome began making coins with less silver which caused inflation.
Economic Troubles Inflation is a drastic drop in the value of money coupled with rising prices for items. Agriculture decreased because of infertile soil, and farmland destroyed by war. Food shortages Spread of disease
Military Troubles Germanic tribes were invading Rome Soldiers no longer had discipline or loyalty to Rome. Soldiers had loyalty only to their commanders, who fought not for Rome, but to try to become the emperor. To defend Rome, mercenaries were recruited – foreign soldiers who fought for money.
Political Troubles Troubles in the empire made citizens lose patriotism for Rome Being a political official was no longer thought to be an honor Few people wanted to serve in the government Out of 26 generals who became emperors, 25 met violent deaths.
Temporary Help Diocletian in A.D. 284 became a strong leader He doubled the Roman armies and hired German mercenaries Persecuted Christians He divided the Roman empire into 2 sides – East: Greek speaking – West: Latin speaking He took over the East, but Civil war broke out after his death
Constantine Took over the West part of the empire in A.D. 312 Moved the capital to a strategic location in Greece in the East in Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople He accepted Christianity
The West Falls The west faced worse problems than the east that was far from invaders From A.D. 376 to 476, huge numbers of Germanic tribes poured into Rome to get away from the fierce Huns Attila the Hun was a powerful chieftain who swept through the west
The West Falls Negotiated with Pope Leo I and withdrew He died in 453 and was no longer a threat Germanic tribes continued to invade and finally the west was no longer Rome But the Eastern Roman empire will continue as the Byzantine Empire that will preserve Greek and Roman heritage.