Presentation on theme: "Essential Question: What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire? Warm-Up Question: What is Hellenism? Why was Alexander."— Presentation transcript:
1 Essential Question:What were the lasting characteristics of the Roman Republic & the Roman Empire?Warm-Up Question:What is Hellenism?Why was Alexander of Macedonia considered “great”?
2 In addition to Greece, a significant classical civilization was ancient Rome Its history from 500 B.C A.D is known as the Classical Era.
3 Impact of Geography on Rome: Identify 1 geographic feature & propose how it might impact the culture of Rome
4 The Geography of RomeRome was located on the Italian peninsula along the Mediterranean SeaThe Romans were influenced by the Greeks & neighboring Etruscans
5 The Culture of Ancient Rome Roman religion was polytheistic & based on the Greek gods (usually only the names changed)
6 The Culture of Ancient Rome Roman writing was called Latin & was based on Greek writing
7 The Culture of Ancient Rome Because the Romans were in frequent contact with the Greeks, they borrowed much of their way of life from them. Later, The Roman Empire came to rule over much of the former Greek Empire of Alexander the Great and once again borrowed from it.Roman architecture borrowed heavily from Greek stylesLike Greek agoras, Roman cities had a forum for markets & public gatherings
8 The Culture of Ancient Rome Society was divided among 3 major groups:At the top were the nobles, called patricians, who controlled most of the land & held key military & gov’t positions (made up 5% of Roman citizens)
10 The Culture of Ancient Rome Society was divided among 3 major groups:Most people were commoners, called plebeians, who were farmers, shopkeepers, or peasants; Plebeians paid the majority of taxes (made up 95% of Roman citizens)
12 The Culture of Ancient Rome Society was divided among 3 major groups:At the bottom of society were slaves & other non-Roman citizensMost non-citizens were either criminals, prisoners of war, Christians or Jews
13 Quick Class Discussion: Based upon this image, what was Roman government like?
14 The Government of Ancient Rome Rome was originally ruled by kings, but in 509 B.C. the Romans created a republicA Republic Government is much like a democracy, with the primary difference being that the politicians are representatives of the people…its not directA republic is a form of government in which citizens have the power to elect their leaders
15 The most important feature of the republic was the Senate, whose 300 members were elected by citizens to make laws & taxes
16 When comparing our government to that of both Greece and Rome, Our modern government is morelike that of Rome…Recite the pledge of allegiance…
17 The Government of Ancient Rome In 451 B.C., government officials wrote down Rome’s laws onto the Twelve Tables which were hung in the forum for all citizens to seeLike Hammurabi’s code,these laws help to create a peaceful, orderly and trade filled society/empireThe Twelve Tables were based on the idea that all citizens had a right to the protection of the law17
18 Each legion was divided into smaller groups of 80 men called a century The Roman MilitaryRome was protected by an advanced army that was divided into groups of 5,000 soldiers called legionsEach legion was divided into smaller groups of 80 men called a centuryThe Roman Army In addition to their government, the Romans placed greatvalue on their military. All citizens who owned land were required to serve in thearmy. Seekers of certain public offices had to perform ten years of military service.Roman soldiers were organized into large military units called legions. TheRoman legion was made up of some 5,000 heavily armed foot soldiers (infantry).A group of soldiers on horseback (cavalry) supported each legion. Legions weredivided into smaller groups of 80 men, each of which was called a century. Themilitary organization and fighting skill of the Roman army were key factors inRome’s rise to greatness.
19 more examples of how the Greek Empire of Alexander the Great influenced the Romans. Weapons of war.
20 Closure Activity Compare governments of the ancient world: Complete the chart on the back of your notes