Presentation on theme: "Universidad Autónoma Del Estado De Hidalgo Sistema De Universidad Virtual Inglés 5 (English 5) UNIDAD 2 ACCIONES Y SUS CONSECUENCIAS REALES, FUTURAS E."— Presentation transcript:
Universidad Autónoma Del Estado De Hidalgo Sistema De Universidad Virtual Inglés 5 (English 5) UNIDAD 2 ACCIONES Y SUS CONSECUENCIAS REALES, FUTURAS E HIPOTETICAS. (UNIT 2 ACTIONS AND THEIR REAL, FUTURE AND HYPOTHETICAL CONSEQUENCES) “STDs Precaution and Treatment” E.T.E. Karim Juárez Cortes Idea original
Sexually transmitted diseases are common and serious, but due to their embarrassing nature, many people don't get the facts or learn about necessary precautions. The best way to avoid contracting an STD is abstinence. This, however, is not an ideal option for most people. In addition to people who practice unprotected sex, intravenous drug users are at high risk of contracting STDs if they do not sterilize their needles or if they share needles. Vaccinations for hepatitis A and B are available for high-risk groups, but people in these groups often do not get them.
Some common sexually transmitted diseases include AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes and hepatitis B. Any of these diseases has serious consequences, and all are more common than one might think. Astoundingly, statistics show that an average of one in five people has an STD. Two-thirds of these people are under the age of 25. Chlamydia is a sneaky disease, because it often has no visible symptoms. It is a bacterial infection that occurs one to three weeks after exposure to the bacteria. If symptoms do emerge, they come in the form of vaginal discharge and pain when urinating in women and penile discharge and pain when urinating in men. Chlamydia is treatable, but if left to its own devices, it can lead to sterility. If one partner gets chlamydia, both must be treated to prevent passing it back and forth.
A red sore on the genitals, rectal area or mouth is the first sign of syphilis, a severe STD that can be fatal. It spreads through sexual contact, by shared needles, and from a mother to her unborn baby. Symptoms usually appear three weeks after infection occurs. If syphilis is not treated, it progresses into a more serious set of symptoms including a rash, patchy hair loss, fever, swollen lymph nodes, and flu- like symptoms. It can even lead to premature death.
AIDS is also rampant in the world. It causes such a decrease in the body's ability to fight off disease, that a person eventually dies of something as simple as a common cold. To get AIDS, one must first have HIV (human 35 immunodeficiency virus). A positive HIV test does not mean that a person has AIDS, but without treatment, HIV will usually develop into AEDS about 12 to 13 years after it is first contracted. Unfortunately, STDs are often transmitted to partners before the carriers know JO they have a contagious disease because of long incubation periods. An incubation period is how long it takes for antibodies to appear in the system after contracting a virus or bacteria. The incubation period, then, is the waiting period after the last incident of unprotected sex before an STD test should be taken. For HIV, the incubation period is three to six months; for chlamydia and 45 syphilis, it is seven days; and for gonorrhea, it is nine to 90 days.
No matter what the disease, practicing safe sex is a must. Safe sex means using a latex condom and spermicidal gel, choosing sex partners carefully, and getting tested for STDs regularly. Although it's an uncomfortable topic, it will be a lot more uncomfortable if an STD results.
Pictures taken from: STD: http://www.std-questions.com/can-teens-get-treated-for-stds-without-their-parents-consent/http://www.std-questions.com/can-teens-get-treated-for-stds-without-their-parents-consent/ STD2: http://www.std-questions.com/what-was-the-first-std-that-was-diagnosed/http://www.std-questions.com/what-was-the-first-std-that-was-diagnosed/ STD3: http://www2c.cdc.gov/ecards/message/message.asp?cardid=285http://www2c.cdc.gov/ecards/message/message.asp?cardid=285 Preservativo: http://www.preservativo.com/personalizacion.aspx Text taken from: Charles M. (2002) Nursing in a New Language. Canada: Lynx Publishing.