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Exploring Natural Resources

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Presentation on theme: "Exploring Natural Resources"— Presentation transcript:

1 Exploring Natural Resources
Lesson 1

2 Common Core/Next Generation Science Addressed!
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to important distinctions the author makes and to any gaps or inconsistencies in the account.WHST.6‐8.2 - Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. (MS‐LS1‐6) CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words in order to address a question or solve a problem. HS-ESS3-1. Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity. [Clarification Statement: Examples of key natural resources include access to fresh water (such as rivers, lakes, and groundwater), regions of fertile soils such as river deltas, and high concentrations of minerals and fossil fuels. Examples of natural hazards can be from interior processes (such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes), surface processes (such as tsunamis, mass wasting and soil erosion), and severe weather (such as hurricanes, floods, and droughts). Examples of the results of changes in climate that can affect populations or drive mass migrations include changes to sea level, regional patterns of temperature and precipitation, and the types of crops and livestock that can be raised.]

3 Bell Work Define and identify types of natural resources.
Distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Explain the difference between inexhaustible and exhaustible resources. Explain the concept of interdependent relationships.

4 What is around you? Examine your surroundings, write down everything that is living or was once living. Think about what you are wearing, where you are sitting, what you are writing on, etc. What would life on earth be like without these items?

5 Terms Air Atmosphere Climate Domestication Environment Exhaustibility
Exhaustible natural resource Fossil fuels Inexhaustible natural resource Minerals Natural resource dependence

6 Terms Natural resources Nonrenewable natural resources Renewability
Soil Water Water cycle Weather Wildlife Wind

7 Types of Natural Resources
Resources that occur naturally in nature are known as natural resources. Natural resources can be found in our environment. The environment are the conditions that surround us.

8 Types of Natural Resources
Natural resources cannot be made by man, but man can help ensure their continued existence. People need many natural resources to live. Other natural resources are used to make life easier.

9 Natural Resources Groups
Air and wind Fossil fuels Minerals People Soil Sunlight Water Wildlife

10 The atmosphere is the area surrounding the Earth.
Air and Wind The atmosphere is the area surrounding the Earth. Air is the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth. Wind is the movement of the air. Water vapor, gases, and particulate can be found in the atmosphere.

11 The conditions found in the atmosphere are what causes weather.
Air and Wind The conditions found in the atmosphere are what causes weather. Weather is the condition of the atmosphere, including moisture, temperature, movement, and pressure.

12 Air and Wind The climate of an area helps determine which natural resources can survive in the area. Climate is the condition of the weather in a particular location.

13 Fossil fuels are natural resources used to provide energy.
Fossil fuels took millions of years to make. They are the remains of decomposed plants and animals. Their energy comes from the energy produced by the plants and animals.

14 Fossil Fuels Groups Petroleum Natural gas Coal

15 Petroleum Liquid form of fossil fuels used to make gasoline and oils.

16 Natural Gas Gaseous form of fossil fuels used in heating and cooking.

17 Coal Solid form of fossil fuels used in factories and generating electricity.

18 New Mexico Mineral Reserves!
Oil – Fourth in the nation in reserves, 700 million barrels. Natural Gas – 15.6 Trillion cubic feet. Coal – 6860 million recoverable short tons ( a short ton is 2000 lbs.)

19 Minerals Natural inorganic substances on or in the earth.
Are not living things. Mined from the earth and are used to produce everything from iron to brick. Jewelry, coins, monuments, and concrete are also made from minerals.

20 People Help determine how other natural resources are used. As the population increases, natural resource use will increase. The wise use of resources is necessary to ensure their future availability.

21 Soil Outer layer of the earth’s surface that supports life.
Plants grow in soil, humans and other animals eat plants, humans and animals produce waste that provides nutrients for plants to grow, and the cycle continues. However, soil can be easily eroded by misuse. Soil must be protected in order for it to continue to be a resource.

22 Sunlight The source of almost all the energy used on the Earth.
The light from the sun produces solar energy. Plants use this energy in the process of photosynthesis. People can also use this energy if it is harnessed using solar collectors.

23 Water A tasteless, colorless, liquid natural resource. All living things need water to survive. Water is a naturally occurring compound made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen. Water can be found in three forms, solid, liquid, and gas.

24 Water Cycle Movement of water from the earth’s surface to the atmosphere and back to the surface. Water is continuously renewed through the hydrologic cycle.

25 Wildlife All of the plants and animals that live in the wild. These plants and animals have not been domesticated. Domestication is the control of plants and animals by man.

26 Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources
One way to classify natural resources is based on their renewability. Renewability is whether or not a resource can be restored after use. Some natural resources can be renewed, others cannot.

27 Renewable Natural Resources
Natural resources that can be replaced after use. They can be renewed and used again, but it may take many years. Soil is a renewable natural resource, however it is not a fast process. Plants and water are other renewable natural resources.

28 Nonrenewable Natural Resources
Natural resources that cannot be replaced after use. Minerals and fossils fuels are two types of nonrenewable natural resources.

29 Inexhaustible and Exhaustible Natural Resources
Exhaustibility refers to whether or not a natural resource can be replenished as it is used. As with renew ability, some resources can be exhausted, others cannot.

30 Inexhaustible Natural Resource
A resource that is continuously replenished, the supply of the resource will not run out. Sunlight, wind, and water are inexhaustible natural resources.

31 Exhaustible Natural Resource
A resource that is available in limited quantity and can be completely used. Exhaustible resources can be replaceable or irreplaceable. A replaceable natural resource can be replenished. Most wildlife are replaceable. An irreplaceable natural resource is gone once it is used. Fossil fuels and most minerals are irreplaceable.

32 Interdependent Relationships
The idea that all natural resources depend on each other is known as natural resource dependence. This means that all living things depend on each other.

33 Natural Resource Dependence
Humans need animals for food, clothing, and at one time for work. Humans and animals need plants to live. Plants are used for food and the plants help produce oxygen needed to breathe.

34 Natural Resource Dependence
Plants depend on animals and humans. Animals, including humans, give off carbon dioxide that the plants need to live.

35 Natural Resource Dependence
When animals die, they decompose. The decomposition process releases minerals back into the soil. Plants can use these minerals for growth.

36 Review/Summary Define and identify types of natural resources.
Distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Explain the difference between inexhaustible and exhaustible resources. Explain the concept of interdependent relationships.

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