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4.3 Water, Air, & Land Resources

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Presentation on theme: "4.3 Water, Air, & Land Resources"— Presentation transcript:

1 4.3 Water, Air, & Land Resources

2 The Water Planet Water covers over half of Earth’s surface (71%)
Saltwater Freshwater < 1% of the water on Earth is useable to us

3 Pollution of Freshwater
Point Source Pollution Nonpoint Source Pollution Comes from a known source or a specific location Examples Factory Pipes Sewage treatment plant Does not have a particular point of origin Examples Runoff often carries nonpoint source pollution Rainfall Snow


5 Pollution in the Air The chemical make up of the atmosphere helps to maintain life on Earth Atmosphere shields Earth from solar radiation Fossil Fuel combustion is the major source of air pollution Cars Coal Oil burning power plants

6 Pollution in the Air continued…
CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons) destroy ozone layer Problem? Increase health problems CO2 amts. in the atmosphere have increased since industrialization started in the 19th century Carbon cycle has since been altered which in return leads to unnatural warming of the atmosphere Global Warming



9 Land Resources Earth’s land provides soil & forests, as well as mineral & energy resources Irrigations Farming new land (+) Depleting groundwater (-) Salinization (-) build up of salts in the soil Mining (~500,000 in US) Essential for mineral resources (+) Messes up Earth’s surface (-) Destroys vegetation (-) What are land resources? Soil to grow food Forests for lumber, furniture, paper

10 Land Resources continued…
Land for Disposal Sites Landfills When done correctly little damage is done When done incorrectly harmful wastes leak into the soil and groundwater Clearing of trees by clear-cutting = damaged land Removing all the trees from a forest Destroys ecosystems


12 Motion Accelerates Erosion Activity

13 4.4 Protecting Resources

14 How to Protect What We Have
Water Air 1970S the Federal Govn’t passed several laws to prevent or decrease pollution & protect resources 1972 Clean Water Act 1974 The Safe Drinking Water Act 1970 Clean Air Act (most important air pollution law) Increased use of alt. energy sources help clear the air Protecting the land resources involves preventing pollution & managing land resources wisely.

15 How You Can Prevent Water Pollution
How You Can Save Energy Never pour household chemicals down the drain / toilet (cleaners, paints, thinners) Never dump toxic chemicals in the gutter into the ground Don’t put things that contain hazardous substances in the trash (batteries) Avoid using hazardous substances in the beginning Recycle Let the sun in to warm rooms Use energy – saving fluorescent bulbs Look for the Energy Star sticker when you buy electric products Turn off lights when you leave the room. Turn off radio, TV, or computer when not in use

16 Making an Oil Slick

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