SIGNATURE Something you would love to get from David Hasselhoff … OR A set of pages in a yearbook that are sewn together (usually 16) (We will make our own soon)
FLAT One side of a signature To save money the entire flat must be in colour… not just a few pages The World She’s a Flat!
“NATURAL SPREAD” The centre of two pages of a signature which are the only two pages printed exactly across from one another (in the middle of the signature) Allows you to cross the gutter with a photo
SIGNATURE, FLAT, NATURAL SPREAD Natural Spread Signature Flat (either top OR bottom portion
PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER Let’s see how a yearbook is made. Take the sample yearbook signature handed out to you Fold #1: Page 11 to Page 10 Fold #2: Page 13 down to page 12 Fold #3: Center spread closed. Finally: Cut both the TOP and RIGHT SIDE of your sheet
“TRIM LINE” This is where the plant will physically cut the pages If you want anything to remain on the page and not get cut off you MUST NOT go beyond this line
“CENTRE LINE” and “GUTTER” Centre line is simply the middle of your DPS Gutter is the space in the centre of the spread where the book is bound. It is recommended that a two-pica gutter is used
Bleed Line Pica Trim Line Bleed Photo Centre Line
Bleed Line Pica Trim Line Bleed Photo Gutter (2 Picas)
“RULE LINE” Lines used to separate elements on the page
Bleed Line Pica Trim Line Bleed Photo Gutter (2 Picas) Blue Lines separating elements on the page
“DOMINANT PHOTO” The Dominator!!! Strongest photo on the spread In both size and content Should be at least 2 ½ times larger than any other photograph on the spread I’ll be back!
“CAPTION” Mini-stories used to describe each picture Typically 8 pt type (smaller than main text) Placed to the outside of the spread Watch for Trapped White space! Overburn or Reverse sometimes successful
“HEADLINES” Provides specific information about the DPS Divided into 2 categories Primary Headline Largest type on the spread (at least 36-point – how many picas?) Must pack a punch Screening most often occurs here
“HEADLINES” Secondary Headline Adds specific information May be used to explain the primary Usually contains several 14- to 18-point type.
“COPY BLOCK” The copy is the main text of the DPS It can be anything from a fully-developed feature story to a brief top 10-listing Typically 10-point type (picas?) Should be placed in columns
“DROP CAPS” or COPY STARTER Used to enlarge the first letter of a copy block Must be used sparingly
“CVI and EYE MOVEMENT” CVI Centre of Visual Impact Can be placed anywhere on the page but must grab the reader’s attention Eye Movement Studies show reader starts in upper left Lead the reader around your page… don’t let them get lost!
“COLUMNAR DESIGN” Columnar Formats Use the following measurements when creating layouts for 8 ½ X 11 DPS (Leave 1 Pica between each column) If you are using InDesign (and we will be) the columns will be set up for you
“COLUMNAR DESIGN” Columns Per Spread Picas Per Column 518 615 712 811 99 108
RESOLUTION Resolution is the number of pixels or ‘dots’ that will appear in a picture
RESOLUTION There are two types of resolution that we will be dealing with in yearbook Screen Resolution Print Resolution SCREEN RESOLUTION The number of pixels on your screen. Screen Resolution is normally 72 – 75 DPI
RESOLUTION PRINT RESOLUTION The number of pixels your printer will print on your sheet. Print resolution is usually: 266 DPI for B/W Pictures 300 DPI for Colour Pictures
WHAT DOES THIS ALL MEAN?!!!!! This means that since your screen and printer have different resolutions, images from the Internet may not print very well. Picture from the Internet (on screen) Picture from the Internet (printed)
ENLARGING A PHOTO Enlarging photos beyond what the were taking at is BAD Stop the presentation and enlarge this photo to see why
INTERNET IMAGES There is a way to possibly print images from the Internet at a high quality… but we’ll be learning that later. THE SUSPENSE OF IT ALL!!! Be VERY CAREFUL of COPYRIGHT LAWS General rule is …. DON’T USE IMAGES FROM THE INTERNET!!!!!
IMAGE FILE TYPES Compression There are two image file types that we will be dealing with this year. TIFF Higher Quality Used for Commercial Printing Not much information lost LARGE file sizes
IMAGE FILE TYPES JPEG High Quality Used for printing/web graphics Some information lost Smaller file sizes
WHICH TYPE IS BETTER? If you have the space it is better to use TIFF If space is a concern… GO JPG!!!
THAT’S ALL FOLKS That’s a lot of info! The more you practice the more it makes sense Any questions?