3 Often defined as the smallest linguistics pieces with grammatical function.
4 A morpheme may consist of a word, such as hand, or a meaningful piece of a word, such as the –ed of looked, that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful parts.
5 The morphemes combine a form (the way they sound) and the meaning (what they mean).
6 Morphemes can be compared to pieces of Lego than can be used again and again as building blocks to form different word.
7 Example: The noun buyer consists of two morphemes, buy and –er. The verbal morpheme is called a free or lexical morpheme, because can occur as a word by itself.Is an affix (hence a bound morpheme that cannot function as a word on its own) It requires another morpheme to appear before it in a word.
8 Now, in the word Reconsideration: Re-/ consider /-ation Simple stem A stem is a base unit in which another morphological piece is attached. It can be simple, made up of only one part ,or complex , itself made up of more than one piece.
9 Now, in the word Reconsideration: Re-/ consider /-ation Simple stem We also can call consider as the root. A root is like a stem in constituting the core of the word in which other pieces attach, but the term refers only to morphologically simple units.
10 Now, in the word Reconsideration: Re-/ consider /-ation Affixes Affixes means that they are attached to the stem.Affixes that go before the stem are prefixed.
11 Now, in the word Reconsideration: Re-/ consider /-ation Prefix Affixes means that they are attached to the stem.Affixes that go before the stem are prefixes.
12 Now, in the word Reconsideration: Re-/ consider /-ation Prefix A prefix is a letter added to the beginning of a word that change the meaning of the word.
13 He are some common prefixes and their meanings: dis-im-non-un-in-re-fore-pre-mis-with-NotNot, reverseNot, withoutAgainBeforeNot, wrong, or wronglyFrom, against
14 Activity Time!In the Assessments section you will find an activity for create new words adding a prefix .Due date on August 29, 2011.
15 Now, in the word Reconsideration: Re-/ consider /-ation Suffix A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word that changes the meaning of the word.
16 He are some common suffixes and their meanings: -less-ish-ous-en-hood-ward-ness-mentwithoutThe qualities ofFull ofTo makeState of beingIn the directionQuality of beingA means of being
17 He are some common suffixes and their meanings: -ist-tion-ful-al-able, -ible-ly, -y-or, -er-likeOne skilled inArt ofFull ofPertaining toAble to beLike, pertaining toPerson having to do withBe like
18 Another examples:unhappinessUn- prefixHappy- rootNess- suffixInputsIn- prefixPut - roots- suffix (in this case indicates plural)
19 Activity Time!In the Assessments section you will find an activity for create new words adding a suffix .Due date on August 29, 2011.In the same document, you’ll see a practice activity for identify morphemes of the words.Due date on August 30, 2011.
29 There are three ways to create words. Composition: word formation that creates compound words. It’s when we have one or two words and we join them to create a new one.Examples: Sailboat, baseball, ice cream, air –condition, etc.
30 Examples: slowness, drinkable, re-write. There are three ways to create words.Derivation: Is take an existent word and we apply diversity (size, gender, etc.)PrefixDerivationSuffixExamples: slowness, drinkable, re-write.
31 There are three ways to create words. Portmanteau words: When we have a compound word but in this case, the word has a contraction.Example: Spanglish, telethon, Wikipedia.
32 Activity Time !In the same document you will find a practice activity for compound words. Is really easy.Due date on August 31, 2011.
33 Final Activity !In the Assessments section you will find a document in which you’ll practice all learned about morphemes and lexemes. Good Luck ! Due date on September 5, 2011.
34 SourcesAronoff, M. & Fudeman, K. (2011) What is Morphology? Second Edition United Kingdom: Wiley – BlackwellBooji, G. (2005) The grammar of words USA: Oxford University Press. Katamba, F. (1993) Morphology USA: St Martin’s Pres Inc