Presentation on theme: "Integrated Pest Management. What is Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Pest management strategy using all available strategies to control pests in a responsible."— Presentation transcript:
What is Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Pest management strategy using all available strategies to control pests in a responsible and economical way. BMP Best management practice –Use science and practical methods to optimize crops and minimize environmental impact
IPM Studies show that multiple control methods are essential. –Resistance to methods is possible –Similar to antibiotics resistance
Economical injury level/Economic threshold When the control method costs less than the crop loss
Aesthetic Injury Level Significant loss to the plants beauty requires control methods
Scouting Searching the crop/landscape for pest damage and pests.
Benefits of IPM Cheaper costs in pesticide Save time and labor costs Less disease/pests/weed/resistance
Benefits Continued… Less impact on the environment Less cancer causing chemicals
What is a Pest? Animal that causes injury or loss to a plant –Insect –Rodent –Nemetodes (worms) not earthworm –Snails/Slugs –Other mammals including deer and Raccoons
What is a Disease? A negative effect cause by –Virus –Bacteria –Fungus
Weeds Any plant growing where it is not wanted –Cause competition –Unsightly –Can harbor other pests and diseases
Insects Exoskeleton Reproduce quickly and have lots of offspring. This leads to pesticide resistance
Insects can effect plants in two different stages of life Immature Adult
Insects go through metamorphosis Complete Incomplete Complete Incomplete
Plant disease Also known as a pathogen –Infectious: Caused by a living thing such as virus, fungi and bacteria. –Noninfectious: (not pathogens) Caused by non living things in the environment such as overwatering, nutrient deficiencies, air pollution.
IPM Solutions Sanitation: Keep it clean –Remove weeds –Insects and disease can be found in left over plant material and weeds –Remove plants from last year if possible
IPM Solutions Cultural/physical controls: these physically prevent the problems from getting to the plants. –Don’t let them in –Remove bad plants –Promote healthy growth –Good air circulation –Physical removal –Monitor/Scout Use sticky traps
IPM Solutions Biological Control –Microbial, parasitic, or predators –Whitefly, catapillar and aphids can be controlled with bacteria –The bacteria is a natural disease of those insects. It is like germ warfare
IPM Solutions Biological Control cont… –Parasitic organisms –Wasps lay their eggs in the whitefly larvae and eat them from the inside out
IPM Solutions Predatory organisms (can be released) Known as beneficial –Beetle attacking whitefly –Mite killing thrips –Lady bugs eating aphids –Snakes, hawks, cats eating mice Make sure you don’t kill beneficial insects
IPM Solution Chemicals –Know as pesticides (insecticide, rodenticide, molluscicide, fungicide, herbicide) –Used safely –Used only when needed
Conclusion Integrated Pest Management (IPM) uses all available methods to control pests A healthy environment and healthy plant leads to less diseases and pests.