3 Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God? Catholic UpbringingBaptism, Confirmation, EucharistCatholic schoolTaught to believe in a GodSay prayersGo to MassAttend children liturgiesRemember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
4 Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God? Religious ExperienceYou have to NAME the 4 types AND give an example for each (preferably a religious one!)MiracleConversionNuminousPrayerRemember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
5 Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God? The Design ArgumentEverything is designed therefore it needs a designer.The only possible designer of this universe is something that existed before it began and was external to it = God.Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
6 The Causation Argument Everything is caused to happen by something else. You are all sat here because you were told to and want to try to pass this examination. You caused those chairs to move to sit down and your eyes are reading this because your brain is telling them to. You cause your own actions. Ultimate cause = God.Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
7 Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God? Unanswered prayersThis can lead someone to become agnostic or atheist.If God never answers them = lack of belief, he doesn’t care, there is no God.Catholics say…1. Prayers answered in a way we do not understand.2. You get what you need not want.3. God answers in the best possible way.4. God may answer in a way you do not understand.Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
8 Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God? Evil and SufferingBecause of Moral and Natural Evil…If God is omnipotent he must be able to remove E&S.If God is benevolent he must want to remove E&S. = There is E&S therefore either God does not exist, not care or is not Omnipotent, Benevolent or Omniscient.Remember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
9 Catholic Response to Evil and Suffering Must have a reasonGod gave us free willThis life is preparation for paradisePeople cannot understand God’s actionsRemember to say how this impacts on a belief in a God?
11 Catholic belief about Life after Death If you live a good life = HeavenIf you don’t = HellWhy do Catholics believe in this? Jesus rose from the dead, teaching of the church (say this a lot in this unit!),This is all about what happens to use when we die
12 Life after Death – Other views Why do some people who are not religious believe in life after death?Existence of Ghosts & the ParanormalNear Death ExperiencesReincarnationThis is all about what happens to use when we die
13 This is all about what happens to use when we die When you die, you die.Do not believe in God = No place for life after deathDifferent religions say different things = ContradictoryHoly Books conflict against each otherThe mind cannot survive following the death of the bodyThis is all about what happens to use when we die
14 This is whether Abortion is right or wrong There is a law on Abortion (24 weeks, 2 doctors agree…)1. Mother’s life at risk2. Mother’s mental or physical life at risk3. Child disabled4. Serious effect on other childrenThis is whether Abortion is right or wrong
15 This is whether Abortion is right or wrong Christians & AbortionCatholic Church say it is wrong, life belongs to God, against ten commandments, it is a form of murderOther Christians (Liberals) say it is the lesser of two evils.Both agree with the Doctrine of the Double Effect.This is whether Abortion is right or wrong
16 This is whether Euthanasia is right or wrong It is illegal in the UKAssisted Suicide (being helped)Voluntary Euthanasia (asking)Non-Voluntary Euthanasia (not asking)This is whether Euthanasia is right or wrong
17 This is whether Euthanasia is right or wrong Catholics believe it is wrong because it is wrong, life belongs to God, against ten commandments, it is a form of murderOther Christians believe ANY form of euthanasia is wrong EVEN life support machines, medicine to prolong life.Some accept it.This is whether Euthanasia is right or wrong
18 Causes of world poverty Natural DisasterDebtWarUnfair tradeHIV/AIDSLack of education, clean waterThis is all about the causes!
19 This is all about the causes & what CAFOD does! Short term aidLong term aidUse budget money to spend on educating the young about CAFOD in schoolsMake Poverty HistoryThis is all about the causes & what CAFOD does!
21 Changing attitudes to marriage and the family Cohabitation and marriage- most people have sex before marriage and many couples live together rather than marry ( cohabit). The average age for marriage has increased and most marriages do not place take place in church.Divorce- Many more divorces, and divorce is more accepted. Now cheaper/easier/women can now support themselves after divorceFamily life -More unmarried parents/ more reconstituted families/ more single parent families/Homosexuality-treated the same by society/now form legal union/same rights and treatments/made easier because of the changes in the law and society is more aware/greater acceptance
22 Christians and sex outside of marriage Most Christians believe it is wrong because; God gave us sex to have children ( only place for sex should be within marriage), Bible says it’s sinful, Catechism say it’s wrong, could lead to promiscuity, adultery breaks the wedding vows. Some Christians accept that couples may live together before marriage, but only in a long term relationship leading to marriageYou are likely to be asked to argue for and against allowing sex before marriage.Arguments for- sex is natural, no reason to wait , contraception, now accepted by societyArguments for and against getting marriedArguments for- God’s gift, Bible teaches sex should only take place in marriage, Church teaches that marriage is basis of societyArguments against- just as happy, you don’t know what they will be like to live with, same joy and commitment.
23 Purpose of marriage Life long relationship of love and faithfulness Have support and comfort of each otherGift of childrenBring up a Catholic familyReceives God’s grace and strength through the sacrament
24 Christians and divorce Catholic Church does not allow divorce or re-marrriage- only ended by death of one of the partners. Catholic Church does allow civil divorce f it will be better for the children, but the couple are still married in eyes of God. Reasons-Jesus taught divorce is wrong/ covenant cant be broken. Annulment makes them free to marry as it proves marriage never a true marriage Other Christians disapprove of divorce, but allow religious divorce and remarriage, because Christianity teaches forgiveness.
25 Why family life is important to Catholics/ How parishes help familys Catholics believe that the family is important because: it is taught in the Bible; main purpose of marriage; Catholics believe that it was created by God.Parishes and how they helpSupport the local schoolsFirst communion and Confirmation classesRunning liturgiesRunning youth clubs and youth activitiesHow they keep families togetherWorship together as familyPriests offer help and support for family problemsProviding financial support
26 Christian attitudes to homosexuality Catholics believe it there is nothing wrong with friendships between homosexuals or relationships as long as there is no sexual activity- Church teachingsEvangelical Protestants believe that homosexuality is a sin- BibleLiberal Protestants believe that homosexuality is acceptable because it is natural and God said respect everyone
27 Catholic views on Contraception Two types – Natural ( requires planning and love) and Artificial ( prevent sperm meeting egg)Catholic Church teaches that using artificial methods of contraception are wrong- God gave sex in order to create/ Playing GodOther Christians allow the use of contraception because they believe God gave sex to strengthen a married relationship
29 Changes to the roles of men and women in UK/ UK as multi- ethnic society Roles have changed greatlyWomen have equal rightsMen and women now share roles at homeThese attitudes have changed because of Feminist Movement/ Changes to the laws/effects of WW2.Nature of the UkBritain has many ethnic minorities and so is a multi- ethnic societyBenefits- advancing more quickly because of the greater variety of ideasNeeds equal opportunities and treatment to work, and prejudice and discrimination cause major problems
30 Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion/ Uk as a multi-faith society Catholics believe men and women should have equal righs, but only men can become priests- Jesus was a manTraditional Protestants believe only men should be religious leaders- BibleLiberal Protestants believe men and women have equal rights in religion- Jesus had women disciplesMulti-faithBritain is a multi-faith society because several religions are practised here and everyone is free to practice their religion.Benefits- Religious freedom/ opportunity to find out about, and think about more deeply about, different religions. Gets rid of ignorance
31 Issues raised for religion by a multi-faith society A multi-faith society needs to have laws giving equal rights to all religions and to those who have no religion ( religious pluralism). However, a multi-faith society can raise problems for religious people in areas such asConversion attempts by other faiths because it is like discriminationBringing up children because they may leave their parents’ faithInterfaith marriages because of having to decide which faith the children should be brought up in.
32 Government action to promote community cohesion in Uk/ Why do Catholics promote racial harmony Government promotes it by- encouraging cohesion/ passing laws against racism and discrimination/ part of National curriculum.It is important because without it a multi-ethnic society could become violent and dividedWhy do Catholics careCatholics should promote racial harmony because of the teachings in the Bible and the Church are against racism because they should follow the example of JesusLove your neighbour/ treat people how you would want to be treated
33 How the Catholic Church helps asylum seekers and immigrant workers The Catholic Church helps refugees and immigrant workers through a special office which tells parishes how they can help which deals with publicity.Parishes help with- legal problems/ English classesThe Church helps because of the teachings of Jesus such as the parable of the Good Samaritan and the Sheep and the GoatsDifferences among Christians in their attitudes to other religionsAll Christians believe in Religious freedom, but some believe there is some truths in other religionsSome believe Christianity is the only true religionSome believe all religions are a path to God
34 Ways in which religions work to promote community cohesion in the UK Religions are working for community cohesion in the UK by:Working to discover what is the same about other religionsHelping with mixed- faith marriagesMaking sure all children learn about other faithsJoining local and national groups to promote community cohesion