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Any party other than Democrat or Republican

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Presentation on theme: "Any party other than Democrat or Republican"— Presentation transcript:

1 Any party other than Democrat or Republican
Third Parties Any party other than Democrat or Republican

2 Two-Party System 1. Why does the United States have a two party
The electoral voting system, legal barriers to third parties, history and tradition, and political socialization. 2. Why do some object to the two-party system? Undemocratic because it does not represent significant parts of the population and greatly limits the choices Americans have.

3 Coke and Pepsi The two political parties are a lot like the two giants of the cola world, Coke and Pepsi. Although each wants to win, they both recognize that it is in their mutual interest to keep a third cola from gaining significant market share. Coke and Pepsi, many people have argued, conspire to keep any competitor from gaining ground. For example, in supermarkets, cola displays at the end of the aisles are often given over to Coke for six months of the year and Pepsi for the other six. Competitors such as Royal Crown face an extremely difficult challenge. The Democrats and the Republicans function in much the same way.

4 History of Third Parties
No third party candidate has ever come close to winning the presidency Only eight third party candidates in history have won ANY electoral votes Only five third-party candidates have won more than 10% of the popular vote

5 Theodore Roosevelt 1912 Election
Bull Moose Party (Progressive Party)-A splinter party-Republicans 27.4% Popular Vote Won 6 states=88 Electoral Votes 26th President of the U.S.

6 Obstacles of Third Parties
Third-party candidates usually have to get thousands of signatures on petitions just to be listed on the ballot. The state and federal governments, which make rules governing elections, are composed of elected Democratic and Republican officials, who have a strong incentive to protect the existing duopoly. Third-party candidates often face financial difficulties because a party must have received at least 5 percent of the vote in the previous election in order to qualify for federal funds.

7 Impact of Third Parties
Introduce new ideas Put issues on the agenda Spoil the election (2000 Election-Gore & Bush) Keep the major parties honest

8 The “Big Three” Parties
Libertarian Party Green Party Constitution Party *Each have over 75,000 Registered Voters

9 Libertarian Party The Party of Principle
Minimum Government, Maximum Freedom Vision: A world where individuals are free to follow their own dreams in their own ways, a world of peace, harmony, opportunity, and abundance.

10 Green Party Grassroots activists, environmentalists, advocates for social justice, nonviolent resisters and regular citizens who’ve had enough of corporate-dominated politics. Committed to environmentalism, non-violence, social justice and grassroots organizing, Greens are renewing democracy without the support of corporate donors.

11 Constitution Party Mission: Secure the blessings of liberty and posterity at all levels of government and Constitution Party candidates who will uphold the principles of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and the Bill of Rights. The goal is to limit the federal government to its Constitutional functions.

12 Quiz on Third Parties Which Third Party declares that their “ the Lord Jesus Christ”? Which party believes in “total individual liberty”? Which party believes that corporations have too much power in our government? Which party is pro-gay marriage and pro-gun rights? 1. cons 2. lib 3. green 4. lib 5. lib 6. green

13 Types of 3rd Parties Ideological Party: Parties based on a particular set of social, economic and political beliefs. Single Issue Party: Parties focused on only one issue (ANIMAL LIBERATION PARTY) Economic Protest Party: Parties whose members are united by anger over economic hard times and dislike for the major parties (TEA PARTY) Splinter Party: Parties that have split off from one of the major parties

14 3rd Party Activity Third Parties
Research Parties (see below) provide a 1-2 sentence summary Place each party on political spectrum (L M C) Label type of third party (I, SI, EP or S) Third Parties Light Party Prohibition Party U.S. Pacifist Party 7. Reform Party Citizens Party Tax Wall Street Party Socialist Party Canary Party Communist Party American Nazi Party

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