Presentation on theme: "What Are Weather Emergencies? Weather emergencies-dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere. –Storms such as tornados, hurricanes,"— Presentation transcript:
What Are Weather Emergencies? Weather emergencies-dangerous situations brought on by changes in the atmosphere. –Storms such as tornados, hurricanes, blizzards and thunder storms. National Weather Service-monitors the progress of storms and periodically issues bulletins about what is happening. –Watch-issued when weather conditions make it likely it will storm.
What Are Weather Emergencies? –Warning-is issues when an actual weather emergency is occurring and people are in immediate danger. Follow any instructions given by the NWS.
Tornadoes Tornado-a whirling, funnel-shaped windstorm that drops from the sky to the ground. –Tornados normally occur during the spring and the summer. Of all the storms, tornadoes cause the most damage. –If a tornado watch is issued for your area: Use a battery-powered radio and listen for updates. Prepare to take shelter. –Get supplies ready, food, water and clothes.
Tornadoes –If a tornado warning is issued take shelter immediately. Where to go –Cellar or basement. –Windowless interior room. –Ditch or flat on the ground –Stay away from cars, trees, buildings. What to do –Cover yourself with anything that can protect you. –Tornadoes move at 25-40 mph on a narrow path. –See 14.6 on page 411.
Hurricanes Hurricane-a strong windstorm with driving rain that originates at sea. –Each hurricane has a center, called the eye. Weather is call in the eye, a circular cloud mass whirls around the eye giving the storm its fiercest strength. –Most hurricanes occur in late summer and early fall. Board up windows. Evacuate if advised
Hurricanes If no evacuation is advised, stay inside. Be prepared for power loss. Prepare an emergency kit. –Flashlight –Batteries –Food –Water –Radio –First aid kit –blankets
Blizzards Blizzard-a very heavy snowstorm with winds of up to 45 mph. –Stay inside during a blizzard. –Have emergency kit ready. –If outside, keep moving and find shelter ASAP. Watch for landmarks along your path. Keep head, nose, mouth, ears covered Hypothermia-sudden and dangerous drop in body temperature.
Thunderstorms Thunderstorms-heavy rain with thunder and lightning. –Thunderstorms can be dangerous when it has lightning. Stay inside or seek shelter. Be prepared for power outage. Unplug electrical appliances. Avoid using phone or running water. If out side stay low and avoid electric poles, trees, water and metal which all attract lightning.
Natural Disasters Floods –If the NWS issues a flood watch for your area Move valuables to higher ground. Listen to the radio for updates. –If the NWS issues a flood warning for your area Evacuate your house. Flash floods can happen quickly and be violent.
Natural Disasters –In any flooding situation Never walk, swim, ride a bike, or drive a car through the water. You may drown or be electrocuted. Drink only bottled water. Only return home when advised to. Once you return home throw away all food and disinfect everything.
Natural Disasters Earthquake-a violent shaking of the earth’s surface. Aftershocks-secondary earthquakes. Richter scale-records the amount of ground motion. –Scale of 1 to 10. –Most destructive quakes have a magnitude of 7 or more.
Natural Disasters Protecting yourself during an earthquake. –Indoors Stay away from windows, mirrors, ect. Stay away from tall or heavy objects that can fall on you. Stand or crouch in a strongly supported doorway or brace yourself in an inside corner of the building. Cover your head. Get under a piece of furniture.