Linear Equations Ax + By = C.

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Linear Equations Ax + By = C

Identifying a Linear Equation
Ax + By = C The exponent of each variable is 1. The variables are added or subtracted. A or B can equal zero. A > 0 Besides x and y, other commonly used variables are m and n, a and b, and r and s. There are no radicals in the equation. Every linear equation graphs as a line.

Examples of linear equations
2x + 4y =8 6y = 3 – x x = 1 -2a + b = 5 Equation is in Ax + By =C form Rewrite with both variables on left side … x + 6y =3 B =0 … x + 0 y =1 Multiply both sides of the equation by -1 … 2a – b = -5 Multiply both sides of the equation by 3 … 4x –y =-21

Examples of Nonlinear Equations
The following equations are NOT in the standard form of Ax + By =C: The exponent is 2 There is a radical in the equation Variables are multiplied Variables are divided 4x2 + y = 5 xy + x = 5 s/r + r = 3

x and y -intercepts The x-intercept is the point where a line crosses the x-axis. The general form of the x-intercept is (x, 0). The y-coordinate will always be zero. The y-intercept is the point where a line crosses the y-axis. The general form of the y-intercept is (0, y). The x-coordinate will always be zero.

Finding the x-intercept
For the equation 2x + y = 6, we know that y must equal 0. What must x equal? Plug in 0 for y and simplify. 2x + 0 = 6 2x = 6 x = 3 So (3, 0) is the x-intercept of the line.

Finding the y-intercept
For the equation 2x + y = 6, we know that x must equal 0. What must y equal? Plug in 0 for x and simplify. 2(0) + y = 6 0 + y = 6 y = 6 So (0, 6) is the y-intercept of the line.

To summarize…. To find the x-intercept, plug in 0 for y.
To find the y-intercept, plug in 0 for x.

Find the x and y- intercepts of x = 4y – 5
Plug in x = 0 x = 4y - 5 0 = 4y - 5 5 = 4y = y (0, ) is the y-intercept x-intercept: Plug in y = 0 x = 4y - 5 x = 4(0) - 5 x = 0 - 5 x = -5 (-5, 0) is the x-intercept

Find the x and y-intercepts of g(x) = -3x – 1*
Plug in x = 0 g(x) = -3(0) - 1 g(x) = 0 - 1 g(x) = -1 (0, -1) is the x-intercept Plug in y = 0 g(x) = -3x - 1 0 = -3x - 1 1 = -3x = x ( , 0) is the *g(x) is the same as y

Find the x and y-intercepts of 6x - 3y =-18
x-intercept Plug in y = 0 6x - 3y = -18 6x -3(0) = -18 6x - 0 = -18 6x = -18 x = -3 (-3, 0) is the y-intercept Plug in x = 0 6x -3y = -18 6(0) -3y = -18 0 - 3y = -18 -3y = -18 y = 6 (0, 6) is the

Find the x and y-intercepts of x = 3
x-intercept Plug in y = 0. There is no y. Why? x = 3 is a vertical line so x always equals 3. (3, 0) is the x-intercept. y-intercept A vertical line never crosses the y-axis. There is no y-intercept. x y

Find the x and y-intercepts of y = -2
y = -2 is a horizontal line so y always equals -2. (0,-2) is the y-intercept. x-intercept Plug in y = 0. y cannot = 0 because y = -2. y = -2 is a horizontal line so it never crosses the x-axis. There is no x-intercept. x y

Graphing Equations Example: Graph the equation -5x + y = 2
Solve for y first. -5x + y = 2 Add 5x to both sides y = 5x + 2 The equation y = 5x + 2 is in slope-intercept form, y = mx+b. The y-intercept is 2 and the slope is 5. Graph the line on the coordinate plane.

Graphing Equations Graph y = 5x + 2 x y

Graphing Equations Graph 4x - 3y = 12 Solve for y first
4x - 3y =12 Subtract 4x from both sides -3y = -4x Divide by -3 y = x Simplify y = x – 4 The equation y = x - 4 is in slope-intercept form, y=mx+b. The y -intercept is -4 and the slope is Graph the line on the coordinate plane.

Graphing Equations Graph y = x - 4 x y