Presentation on theme: "Colours speak all languages. (Joseph Addison)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Colours speak all languages. (Joseph Addison) Colour is all. When color is right, form is right. Colour is everything, colour is vibration like music; everything is vibration. (Marc Chagall)Colours speak all languages. (Joseph Addison)
2 Colour depends on light, because it is made of light. There must be light in order for us to see colour.The whiter the light the more true the colours will be.Hue, Value and Intensity are the three main characteristics of colour.Look Up Spectrum in Glossary
3 Colour Spectrum - spreads from infrared to ultraviolet
4 Colour Mixing and the Color Wheel The coluor wheel is a tool artists useto learn the relationships of colorsto each other.The coluor wheel is set up in aCircle using the Primary Colours,Red – Yellow – Blue and usuallythe Secondary Colours, Green –Orange and Purple.In this color wheel the tertiaryOr intermediate colours are alsoshown – Red-Violet, Blue-Violet,Yellow-Orange, Red Orange,Blue-Green, and Yellow-Green
5 It's easy to mix paints to make new colours. You can use the primary colors (red, blue, and yellow) plus black and white to get all of the colors of the rainbow.
6 Mixing Colours Red Yellow Blue = Primary Colors Purple Green Orange = SecondaryColors
7 NeutralsBlack, white, brown and gray are not true colours (or hues). They are considered to be neutral, achromatic colours.Typically, the Neutral Colours are Black, White, Brown and Gray. They are not on the colour wheel because they are neutral and independent from the Primary Colours. Neutral Colours coordinate with all colors. Neutral Colours do not "clash" with any colours. Neutral Colours also do not "make" any "new" colors by mixing them together. Neutral Colors do produce variations of existing colours.
8 Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of a colour Intensity refers to the brightness or dullness of a colour. An example is bright red (or dull red).You can reduce the intensity of aColour by mixing togetherComplimentary colours. This makes the colour duller or not as bright.Reducing the intensity and Neutralizinga colour are considered the same.This also produces neutrals, alsocalled TONES.
9 Tones By mixing complimentary colours you can develop a whole tonal range of colourscalled Tones.Tones are mixtures ofcomplimentary colours thatreduce the intensity (brightness)of colours.TonesHere, blue andorange havebeen mixedtogether to givea whole rangeof tones.This method isalso calledneutralizing coloursbecause many becomeneutral colours in the process.
10 Making Colours Lighter or Darker Or --- Working With ValueTo make a colour lighter in value, add color to white. The more white you add, the lighter the coluor will get. This is called a tint of the original color. To make a coluor darker (this is called a shade of the original colour), add a small amount of black. If you add too much black, your colour will be almost black.TintsShades
11 The pure color of “blue” is called a HUE In the diagram you can see the difference between some of the propertiesof colour.The pure color of “blue” is called a HUEWhen white and blue are mixed together it is called a TINTWhen black and blue are mixed together it is called a SHADE
12 Artists will use tints and shades when creating Atmospheric perspective In a work of art. In his painting, Bathers, Seurat used tints and shades to create a feeling of depth and perspective in his painting.
13 TEMPERATURE AFFECTS SIZE the perceived size of an object is affected by its colour warm colours advance, cool colours recede both interior squares are the same physical size but the yellow square should appear to be slightly larger
14 CONTRAST AFFECTS SIZE the perceived size of an object is affected by its contrast light areas advance, dark areas recede both interior squares are the same physical size but the lighter square should appear to be slightly larger
15 How do artists choose which colours to use? There are several different colour combinations that artists can use.These different combinations are called“colour harmonies”.On the next several slides, a variety of colour harmonies will be discussed.In the future, you will need to refer to these harmonies, and make decisions for your own artwork.
16 Monochrome (meaning "one colour") colour harmonies include only one colour in different value (the lightness and darkness of a colour) and intensity (the brightness or dullness of a colour). An example of a monochrome colour scheme could include any colour mixed with white, gray, or black. For example, red, rose and pink (red mixed with white) are monochrome.
17 Analogous colors (also called Adjacent colours) uses colours that neighbor each other on the colour wheel. An example is a colour scheme that includes various values and intensities of reds and oranges.AdjacentMeans “next to”.
18 Colours that are placed next to, or adjacent to other colours can also COMPLIMENTS hues opposite each other on the colour wheel intensifies the difference between coloursColours that areplaced next to, oradjacent to othercolours can alsoappear to bedifferent hues.ANALOGOUS hues next to each other on the colour wheel the colors blend and are harmoniousColours have different moods, temperature and contrast, depending on the colour they are next to.OPTICAL COLORcolor is affected by surrounding colours both lighter rectangles are exactly the same colour but each should appear different based on the color around it
19 Van Goghused opticalcolour mixing inhis paintings allthe time.This style of paintingwascalledImpressionism.
20 So did Gorges Seurat in Afternoon at La Grande Jatte This style of painting was called pointillism.
21 Colours opposite each other on the color wheel are called complementary colors. For example, violet and yellow are complementary colors. So are red and green, and blue and orange.
22 A single split compliment uses a primary colour plus colors on either side of its compliment. An example is a colour scheme that includes various values and intensities of greens, violet-reds and red-oranges.
23 A double split compliment (also called tetradic) uses two pairs of compliments, one apart on the colour wheel. An example is red, green, orange, and blue.
24 A triad uses colours at the points of an equilateral triangle (three colours spaced equally on the color wheel). These are sometimes called balanced colours. An example of a triadic scheme could be red, blue, and yellow; green, orange, and purple, etc.
26 Colour Has Temperature Warm Colours and Cool Colours: The warm colours include reds, oranges, and yellows; the cool colours include blues, greens and violets. The neutral colours are black, white, and grays.
27 Analogous:Colours that areRelated or NextTo Each Other OnThe Colour Wheel