Presentation on theme: "The Synthesis Essay - From 5 Steps to a 5"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Synthesis Essay - From 5 Steps to a 5 Jamison
2 What is the synthesis essay like? Students are presented with an introduction to and a description of an issue that has varying viewpoints associated with it.Sources can be written texts that could include nonfiction, fiction, poetry, or even drama, as well as visual texts, such as photos, charts, art work, cartoon, etc.
3 What is the purpose of the synthesis essay? The College Board wants to determine how well students can do the following:Read criticallyUnderstand textsAnalyze textsDevelop a position on a given topicSupport a position on a given topicSupport a position with appropriate evidence from outside sourcesCite sources used in the essay
4 What kinds of synthesis essays can I expect? Compare and ContrastCause and EffectAnalysisTaking a position on an argument (defend, qualify, or refute…)** Remember, everything you write is, in a sense, an argument.
5 Timing and Planning the Synthesis Essay USE the 15 minutes of time you are allotted at the beginning for your actual prewriting:Read all three of the promptsDeconstruct the synthesis prompt (overarching issue)
6 Develop the Opening Paragraph Before you begin the actual writing, jot down a few notes about How you are going to present your material. There is no need to construct a formal outline. Simply create a brief listing of the major points you want to include and the order in which you will present them.
7 Develop the Opening Paragraph – cont. **Decide which sources you will use in the essayRefer specifically to the promptClearly state your position on the given topic. Write this in a statement: “The position I’m going to take on this issue is to (support), (oppose), or (qualify).
8 Tips… You only have time for one draft, so make sure that it: Is clear, organized, logical, and thoughtfulMake sure your main points relate to your thesis/claimUse specific examples (personal and otherwise)Use selected sources to support the major point
9 Incorporating Sources… Use attribution and introduction of cited sourcesTransitionsMix of direct quotes, summary, and paraphrase** The synthesis essay requires you to be familiar with both analysis and argument.
10 Critical Reading of the Texts… Students must be able to determine the following:Purpose/thesisIntended audienceType of sourceMain pointsHistorical contextAuthority of authorHow the material is presentedSource of evidenceAny bias or agendaHow the text relates to the topicSupport or opposition toward the thesis
11 Read the following text.. “Our opposition to eminent domain is not across the board,” he [Scott G. Bullock of the Institute for Justice] said. “It has an important but limited role in government planning and the building of roads, parks, and public buildings. What we oppose is eminent domain abuse for private development, and we are encouraging legislators to curtail it.”
12 More neutral observers expressed concern that state officials, in their zeal to protect homeowners and small businesses, would handcuff local governments that are trying to revitalize dying cities and fill in blighted area with projects that produce tax revenues and jobs.“It’s fair to say that many states are on the verge of seriously overreacting to the Kelo decision,” said John D. Exheverria, executive director of the Georgetown Environmental Law and Policy Institute and an authority on land-use policy. “The danger is that some legislators are going to attempt to destroy what is a significant and sometimes painful but essential government power. The extremist position is a prescription for economic decline for many metropolitan areas around the country.”
13 Main points: (four of them) Thesis:“…what we oppose is eminent domain…curtail it.”Intended Audience:- Educated readersMain points: (four of them)Qualified opposition to Eminent DomainOpposed to ED for private developmentAcknowledges that there are those who see their position as handcuffing local officialsEcheverria says, “The danger..” He fears legislation could destroy essential gov’t power.
14 How Material is Presented: Historical Context:2006 in response to Kelo decisionHow Material is Presented:Thesis + expert’s direct quotation + acknowledgement of opposition + expert’s direct quoteType of evidence presented:Directed quotes of experts in the fieldSource of evidence:Expert opinionsAny bias or agenda:both sides of issue are presentedHow text relates to the topic:specific statements for and against eminent domainSupport of or not for thesis:one quote supports a qualifying position: “I can empathize with the home owners affected by the recent 5:4 Supreme Court decision.” The other quotes could be used to recognize those who would oppose it.
15 Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotations Locate key words or phrases and reduce the piece into its essential points.Paraphrase:Transpose the original material into your own words. This will probably be close to the number of words in the original. CitedQuotes:Text taken directly from the source, put in quotes and cited.
16 Remember… You Must establish a position and each source you choose to use must support and develop your position!