Presentation on theme: "Paraphrasing, Summarizing and Quoting Adapted from a lesson by Jillan Mattera."— Presentation transcript:
Paraphrasing, Summarizing and Quoting Adapted from a lesson by Jillan Mattera
Warm Up What do you know about paraphrasing, summarizing, and quoting?
Summarizing “Present[s] the substance in a condensed form; concise” (dictionary.com) Extracts the important information from a written work Is an abbreviated and exact form Focuses on main ideas
When & Why Original expression is meaningful but long Original is overly wordy and tends to get confusing Writer wishes to maintain focus on main ideas
How to Summarize Absorb the meaning of the passage Reflect on main points Recall main points in your own words Shorten the original work significantly Represent author’s ideas as correctly as possible Make certain that your summary is able to stand alone
Paraphrasing “A restatement of a text or passage giving the meaning in another form, as for clearness; rewording.” (dictionary.com) Saying what someone else said, but in your own words Sharing ideas with your own explanation Translating point-by-point
When & Why To explain a complex idea To illustrate that you have researched thoroughly To support your own idea To represent a writer’s key ideas
How to Paraphrase Absorb meaning of the passage Restate passage in own words – Completely new – Maintain point of view – Keep length approximately the same Include a citation ( ! ) Check accuracy with original
Summary vs. Paraphrase Summary deals with main points. Paraphrase requires entirely restating. Summaries are shorter than paraphrase.
Quoting “To repeat or copy the words of (another), usually with acknowledgment of the source.” (dictionary.com) “To cite or refer to for illustration or proof.” (dictionary.com) Removing any portion of the exact words of another and using them in your own work
When & Why A piece is essential to support your argument. Word choice/style are important. Particularly specific wording is difficult to restate. Avoid direct quotations over paraphrase and summary. Quotations should be saved for the very best expressions and should not be overused.
How to Quote Use a lead in when possible. Parenthetically cite all direct quotations(in- text citations) if lead in did not include all documentation information (such as page number). Refer to MLA documentation if you are unsure.
MLA Citation Place author’s name and page number directly after quotation, summary, or paraphrase. – “Time put things in their place” (Marquez 35). – Marquez conveyed, “Time put things in their place” (35). Use shortened title when there is no author. Separate multiple sources by a semicolon.
MLA Citation Continued If you add words into a direct quotation, use square brackets ( [ ] ) If you omit words, use a ellipsis (... ). Poetry requires virgules ( / )between lines.
Resources Used Perdue Online Writing Lab P.O.W.E.R. Learning Center A Meeting of Minds Callaghan & Dobyns