Simply put, plagiarism is cheating. It is using someone else’s work without giving them credit.
Why do people plagiarize? Not enough time to do the work Pressure to get good grades, to get into college, to please parents & teachers Easy to do Illusion that they won’t get caught And sometimes, plagiarism is unintentional
Academic Plagiarism Plagiarism is generally considered a problem seen at the high school and college level. Schools often develop Honor Codes or Academic Honesty Policies that spell out the consequences of plagiarism.
Academic Consequences Consequences vary from school to school, but some include: Zero on the plagiarized paper Failing the course Suspension for the semester Expulsion from the school
Copying or sharing another student’s work (homework, paper, exam or in class work) “Cutting & pasting” from the internet (with no sources cited) Failure to produce sources cited list for work (including images, media or sounds) Submitting another student’s assignment/work as your own Examples of academic dishonesty:
Using another person’s ideas without citing them as a source Using online translators to complete foreign language work/homework Altering student records Taking exam materials from teachers’ desks
While we often think of plagiarism occurring in schools, there are cases of plagiarism in the ‘real world’ as well…
“PAPER DISMISSES REPORTER FOR PLAGIARISM” Look at this headline, taken from The Quill, July 2001 v89 i6 p44
Citing Source for Images Words and information are not the only things which must be cited from the Internet You always must cite the source of graphics, sounds recordings or any other media that you use in your paper or presentation.
How do I avoid Plagiarism? Quote Paraphrase Cite sources
Quote If you copy anything directly from a source, put it in quotation marks. Example: “Your detention will take place at eleven o’clock tonight. Meet Mr. Filch in the entrance hall.” (Rowling 247)
Paraphrase While occasional quotes from a source are fine, most of your paper should be in your own words. Paraphrasing means putting the information you gather from your sources into your own words.
How do I Paraphrase? Read and reread the information until you fully understand it. Put the source away and write your own understanding of the information. Compare your version with the original. If you use any unique phrase or word from the original, put it in quotation marks. Be sure to write your source on a note card so you can give credit to the source. (“Paraphrase: Write it in Your Own Words”)
Original “When Mr. And Mrs. Dursley woke up on the dull, gray Tuesday our story starts, there was nothing about the cloudy sky outside to suggest that strange and mysterious things would soon be happening all over the country. Mr. Dursley hummed as he picked out his most boring tie for work, and Mrs. Dursley gossiped away happily as she wrestled a screaming Dudley into his high chair.” (Rowling 2) Paraphrase The story of Harry Potter begins, for the Dursley family, like any other uneventful day. The normal activities of a father getting ready for work while the mother attempts to feed her baby give no indication as to what the day has in store.
Cite Sources When you use a direct quote When you paraphrase information from a source! Even if you have written a passage of text in your own words, you still must acknowledge the source of those ideas. When in doubt – cite!!!
PLAGIARISM… It’s easy to do… It’s easy to get caught… And it’s easy to avoid…
Bibliography “Information Literacy Tutorial” http://www.lib.umb.edu/webtutorial/ module6/Module6-1a.html (07 Jan. 2004) Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. New York: Scholastic Press, 1997. “Paraphrase: Write it in Your Own Words” http://owl.english. purdue.edu/handouts/print/research/r_paraphr.html (07 Jan. 2004)