Presentation on theme: "Great Thinkers Think Alike! Socrates Plato and Aristotle Compiled by Amy."— Presentation transcript:
Great Thinkers Think Alike! Socrates Plato and Aristotle Compiled by Amy
Philosophy The study of General and fundamental problems such as: Reality Existence Knowledge Values Reason Mind Language Uses a critical approach to rational argument Philosophy comes from the greek word philosophia which means the “love of wisdom”
Rational Argument Not an argument but a discussion With many rules of respect and response Each point in a discussion is Discussed questioned
Three Great Thinkers Socrates Plato Aristotle
Socrates Athenian Philospher 469BC – 399BC Know about him from Aristophanes plays Father of Ethics Socratic Method Socrates once said, "I know you won't believe me, but the highest form of Human Excellence is to question oneself and others."
Socratic Method Rational Argument Obsessed with truth and how to find it Ask Questions Determine the beliefs of the other person Force that person to answer questions that contradict their own beliefs By destroying someone’s argument you eliminate possibilities
Socrates Rules No one desires evil. No one errs or does wrong willingly or knowingly. Virtue—all virtue—is knowledge. Virtue is sufficient for happiness The phrase socratic paradox can also refer to a self-referential paradox, originating in Socrates' phrase, “I know that I know nothing”
Trial and Death of Socrates He is put on trial for “corrupting the youth” and sentenced to death. He made the youth question some of the Ancient Greek held beliefs. His students went to the jail to argue with him to escape and go into exile. I won’t tell you what happens!
Plato Born in Athens 429 Student of Socrates Founded the Academy Wrote his teachings and dialogues down
Plato’s Republic Considered Plato’s masterpiece. Describes what Plato thought would be a better form of government Plato thought that most people were pretty stupid They should not be voting about what to do. Instead, the best people should be chosen to be the Guardians of the rest.
Plato’s Cave In the cave men chained to only see the back wall One escapes Sees the outside world Goes back to explain it. Do they believe him or think him crazy?
Plato’s Passion What really matters? What is real to you? How do you know? Immortality of the soul The afterlife Defines the difference between what is real and what is knowable.
Aristotle Ancient Greek Philosopher Polymath Student of Plato Teacher of Alexander the Great Wrote about almost every subject. Aristotle's theory of logic completely accounted for the core of deductive Reasoning
Aristotle’s Concerns Studied almost every subject Sciences: Anatomy, astronomy, embryology, geography, geology, meteorology, physics, and zoology. Philosophy: Aesthetics, ethics, government, metaphysics, politics, economics, psychology, rhetoric, and theology. Education, foreign Customs, Literature and Poetry
Deductive Logic Aristotle departed from his two predecessors’ line of thought, relying more on sensory input as a source of knowledge. Today Aristotle is thought of as the granddaddy of the scientific method— despite the fact that he relied on pure reason, not experiment, to come to a conclusion He was often wrong because he didn’t use a scientific method.
Truth of Aristotle Aristotle was threatened by Alexander the Great. Aristotle refused to believe that Alexander was a GOD. He knew Alexander as a child, young man, and adult. There was nothing divine. Many people believe that Aristotle was responsbile for Alexander’s death but it is contrary to all Aristotles teachings.
In Order Socrates taught Plato Plato taught Aristotle Aristotle taught Alexander the Great.
Assignment 3 biocards Write a description of something common without using the name of it. Try to use descriptions that do not give the item away. We will use logic to determine what you are describing.
The Seeds of Knowledge Make a scroll page decorated in Greek form with beans and/or seeds. On the perimeter. Have the children ask questions based on the philosophy methods of each of the three thinkers: Use this as an example. Let htem give their answers. It may be surprising? Socrates asks Is this truly a seed? How do you know it is a seed? What is a seed? Plato asks What does a seed signify to you? Aristotle asks What kind of seed is this? All seeds grow into plants. This is a seed This will grow into a plant.
More Sources! http://www.gardenofpraise.com/ibdarist.htm http://www.gardenofpraise.com/ibdarist.htm Historyforkids.org Plato’s Republic Trial and Death of Socrates http://www.mentalfloss.com/difference/socr ates-vs-plato-vs- aristotle/#ixzz2EANRWwUG http://www.mentalfloss.com/difference/socr ates-vs-plato-vs- aristotle/#ixzz2EANRWwUG http://www.mentalfloss.com/difference/socr ates-vs-plato-vs- aristotle/#ixzz2EANRWwUG http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/lecture8b.h tml