Presentation on theme: "What Defines Tragedy?. Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined “tragedy” in his book Poetics written in about 330."— Presentation transcript:
Where does tragedy come from? The Greek philosopher Aristotle first defined “tragedy” in his book Poetics written in about 330 B.C.
Aristotle’s definition of tragedy had SIX parts: Plot (Dramatic Structure) Character Thought Diction (delivery/elocution) Spectacle (visual demonstration) Melody (musical/fluidity)
What Defines Shakespearean Tragedy? A Tragic Hero The Tragic Flaw or Hamartia Reversal of Fortune Catharsis (emotion) Restoration of Social Order Who remembers this place?
The Tragic Hero The tragic hero is someone we, as an audience, look up to—someone superior. The tragic hero is a character that the audience can identify with The tragic hero features a fatal flaw that exposes his/her weakness. What makes each of these figures a tragic hero?
Tragic Flaw The hero is nearly perfect The hero usually has one major flaw or weakness We call this the ‘tragic flaw’, ‘fatal flaw’, or hamartia. Ex: Pride
Reversal of Fortune The ‘fatal flaw’ brings the hero down from his/her elevated state. (Victor?) Renaissance audiences were familiar with the ‘wheel of fortune’ or ‘fickle fate’. What goes up, must come down. Cycle of life
Catharsis We get the word ‘catharsis’ from Aristotle’s katharsis. ‘Catharsis’ is the audience’s purging of emotions through pity, fear, anger, etc. The spectator is purged as a result of watching the hero fall. This is why we cry during movies!
Restoration of Social Order Tragedies include: a private element (within a family or small group) a public element (society or governmental order) The play cannot end until society is, once again, at peace.
Quickie Quiz! List a half sheet of paper 1-5 and answer the questions below! 1. In what culture did tragedy originate? 2. Identify Aristotle’s 6 Parts of Tragedy. 3. “Hamartia” is another word for what? 4. Give me an example of Catharsis. 5. The 2 Parts to Restoration of Social Order are... BONUS: Who is the host of Wheel of Fortune?