Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15 - Sentencing and Corrections. Sentencing Options While some criminal statutes set out a sentencing structure, judges and occasionally juries,"— Presentation transcript:
Sentencing Options While some criminal statutes set out a sentencing structure, judges and occasionally juries, have considerable freedom in determining type, length and conditions of sentence. 1. Suspended sentence – The sentence is given but does not have to be served, unless another crime is committed. 2. Probation – Similar to a suspended sentence, but with conditions such as having to keep a job, stay drug and alcohol free and restrictions of travel.
Chapter 15 - Sentencing and Corrections 3. Home confinement – The defendant serves their time at home, and is only to leave for work, school or medical appointments. 4. Fine – The defendant pays money to court. 5. Restitution – The defendant is required to pay back or make up for whatever loss or injury was caused to the victim. 6. Work Release – The defendant serves their time on nights or weekends. 7. Imprisonment – The defendant serves a sentence in a prison or in jail.
Chapter 15 - Sentencing and Corrections Purposes of Punishment The American Criminal Justice System has various reasons for assigning punishment. 1. Retribution – The idea of “an eye-for-an-eye” or “a-tooth-for-a-tooth.” 2. Deterrence – The idea that putting people in jail will discourage others from committing crimes, as well as hopefully discouraging the criminal for committing crime again. 3. Rehabilitation – The idea that jail can be used to change a persons behaviors that lead to their legal problems.
Chapter 15 - Sentencing and Corrections 4. Incapacitation – The idea that some people are too dangerous to be part of the society.
Chapter 15 - Sentencing and Corrections Please complete problem 15.3 on page 168