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Hand Tools Safety Training

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Presentation on theme: "Hand Tools Safety Training"— Presentation transcript:

1 Hand Tools Safety Training
Welcome to the Hand Tool safety training program. This presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not regulatory standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. Companies using this training program should augment the information based on their specific organizational needs and circumstance. This training presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. RiskAnalytics, LLC, the developers of this training program, has not made and does not make any warranty of any kind, express or implied, with respect to this training program; and all implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are hereby disclaimed by RiskAnalytics, LLC. RiskAnalytics, LLC will not be liable to anyone with regard to any damages, loss or claim whatsoever, no matter how occasioned, in connection with the preparation of, access to, or use of this training program. Hand Tools Safety Training Page 1  2006 RiskAnalytics, LLC

2 Learning Objectives At the end of this session the participant should be able to: Identify the hazards associated with various types of hand tools Understand the safety best practices that can prevent accidents and injuries when using hand tools Know the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) that can protect workers against injuries Page 2

3 Introduction Hand tools are used by virtually everyone
Hand tools include anything from axes to wrenches Misuse accounts for the majority of accidents and injuries involving hand tools 7 - 8 percent of all compensable injuries each year in the construction industry Improper maintenance is another leading cause of injuries Even though the tool is powered by human inertia, these injuries often involve severe disabilities Page 3

4 Common Hand Tool Hazards
Workers using hand tools may be exposed to a number of potentially serious hazards: Falling objects Objects that fly as a result of contact with tools Objects that are abrasive, or splash Harmful dusts, fumes, mists, vapors, and gases Contact with electrical power sources Hazards are usually caused by misuse and improper maintenance Page 4

5 Common Hazards Lead to Serious Injuries
The following are typical hand tool injuries and some of the probable causes: Loss of eye/vision - using a hammer without eye protection Puncture wounds - using a screwdriver as a pry-bar Severed fingers, tendons and arteries - using a dull knife requires so much force that your hand may slip down the blade. Broken bones - using the wrong hammer for the job and smashing a finger. Contusions - using a small wrench for a big job and bruising a knuckle. Using a Hammer Without Eye Protection Using a Screwdriver as a Pry-Bar Sledgehammer Crushed Thumb Page 5

6 Hazard Prevention: Inspect Tools Before Use
All hand tools must be inspected before they are used Never use a tool if its handle has splinters, burrs, cracks, splits or if the head of the tool is loose Never use impact tools such as hammers, chisels, punches or steel stakes that have mushroomed heads. Tag worn, damaged or defective tools "Out of Service" and do not use them Cracked Handle Page 6

7 Hazard Prevention: Personal Protective Equipment
PPE must be used whenever a worker could come into contact with a hazard With hand tools in a construction site, that means safety glasses, safety shoes, hard hat and gloves all the time! Most hand tool injuries could be avoided with the proper use of PPE PPE is designed for the work being performed - use the right equipment! PPE must be maintained in good condition, kept clean and properly stored when not in use Page 7

8 Basic Tool Safety Practices
Safety is a state of mind. Always think when using a tool: Is it in good condition? Is it sized right for the job? Is it in the proper working condition - sharp, clean, oiled, dressed and not abused? Only use a tool for the job in which it was designed Chisels, screwdrivers or other pointed tools should never be carried in clothing pockets Always use tool belts designed for carrying tools Never wear sandals, open-toed or canvas shoes when working with tools Avoid loose-fitting clothes that might become entangled in a tool Always remove rings and other jewelry Page 8

9 Basic Tool Safety Practices, continued
Make sure your grip and footing are secure when using large tools Never carry tools up ladders - use a hoist or rope Use extra caution when using tools at heights - a falling tool can kill a co-worker Always pass a tool to another person by the handle - never toss it to them Select ergonomic tools for your work task when movements are repetitive and forceful Page 9

10 Safety Best Practice - Knives
Only use a knife with a blade that is fully sharpened Always cut in the direction away from your body Never use knives that have broken or loose handles Never use knives as screwdrivers, pry bars, or can openers Never pick up knives by their blades Always carry knives with their tips pointed towards the floor Never carry knives, scissors or other sharp tools in your pockets unless they are first placed in their sheath or holder Never attempt to catch a falling knife Store knives in sheaths after using them Page 10

11 Safety Best Practice - Chisels
Only use chisels that have been fully sharpened Never use chisels that have "mushroomed" striking heads Whenever possible, hold a chisel by using a tool holder Always clamp small work pieces in the vise and chip towards the stationary jaw of the vise Always chip or cut away from yourself and be sure to keep both hands back of the cutting edge Always wear safety glasses or a face shield Page 11

12 Safety Best Practice - Hammers
Never use a hammer if your hands are oily, greasy or wet Always check behind you before swinging a hammer Use a claw hammer for pulling nails. Never strike nails or other objects with the "cheek" of the hammer Do not strike a hardened steel surface, such as a cold chisel, with a claw hammer. Never strike one hammer against another hammer Never use a hammer as a wedge or a pry bar Page 12

13 Safety Best Practice - Hand Saws
Always keep handsaws sharp and free of rust to prevent them from binding or jumping Never carry a saw by the blade Always hold the work piece firmly against a work table Keep control of saws by releasing downward pressure at the end of the stroke. Never use an adjustable blade saw such as a hacksaw, coping saw, keyhole saw or bow saw, if the blade is not taut. Oil saw blades after each use Never force the saw through the cut as this may cause the saw to buckle or fly out of the groove causing an injury Page 13

14 Safety Best Practice - Screwdrivers
Never use a screwdriver if your hands are wet, oily or greasy Always match the size and type of screwdriver blade to fit the head of the screw Do not hold the work piece against your body while using a screwdriver Never put your fingers near the blade of the screwdriver when tightening a screw Never use a screwdriver to make a starting hole for screws Never use a screwdriver as a chisel, pry bar or nail puller When performing electrical work, always use an insulated screwdriver Never use a screwdriver to test the charge of a battery Page 14

15 Safety Best Practice - Wrenches
Never use wrenches that are bent, cracked or badly chipped or that have loose or broken handles Discard any wrench that has spread or battered jaws, if the handle is bent, or if a wrench has broken or battered points Never slip a pipe over a single head wrench handle for increased leverage. Never use a shim to make a wrench fit Pull on a wrench using a slow, steady pull -- do not use push force on a wrench - losing your balance is more likely if the wrench slips Page 15

16 Safety Best Practice - Pliers
Never use pliers that are cracked, broken or sprung Never use pliers as a wrench or a hammer Do not attempt to force pliers by using a hammer on them Never slip a pipe over the handles of pliers to increase leverage When performing electrical work, always use insulated pliers When using the diagonal cutting pliers, shield the loose pieces of cut material from flying into the air by using a cloth or your gloved hand Page 16

17 Safety Best Practice - Snips
Never use snips as a hammer, screwdriver or pry bar Always wear safety glasses or safety goggles when using snips to cut materials Always wear your work gloves when cutting materials with snips Keep the blade aligned by tightening the nut and bolt on the snips. Never use straight cut snips to cut curves Always use the locking clip on the snips after you have finished using them - never leave or store snips in the open position Page 17

18 Safety Best Practice - Vise and Clamps
Never use a vise that has worn or broken jaw inserts, or has cracks or fractures in the body of the vise Position the work piece in the vise so that the entire face of the jaw supports the work piece When clamping a long work piece in a vise, support the far end of the work piece by using an adjustable pipe stand or saw horse Never slip a pipe over the handle of a vise to gain extra leverage Never use the C-clamp for hoisting materials Never use the C-clamp as a permanent fastening device Page 18

19 Safety Best Practice - Jacks
The manufacturer's rated capacity must be marked on all jacks and all jacks must have a stop indicator Never exceed the capacity or the stop indicator Jacks should be lubricated and inspected regularly When setting up a jack, ensure: The base is centered on a firm, level surface The jack head is placed against a level surface The lift force is applied evenly Put a block under the base of the jack when the foundation is not firm Place a block between the jack cap and load if the cap might slip Immediately block the load after it is lifted Page 19

20 Safety Best Practice - Tool Chests and Boxes
Always use the handle when opening and closing a drawer or door of a tool box or chest Never stand on tool boxes, chests or cabinets to gain extra height Always lock the wheels on tool boxes and chests Never open more than one drawer at a time Always push large chests and tool boxes; never pull them Close and lock all drawers and doors before moving the tool chest to a new location Never move a tool box or chest if it has loose tools or parts on the top Do not use a tool box or chest as a workbench Page 20

21 Summary Only use a tool for the job in which it was designed
Always inspect tools before using them Never use tools that are loose or cracked Tag worn, damaged or defective tools "Out of Service" and do not use them Always keep tools sharp and in good condition After using a tool, clean it and put it back in its proper place Always wear PPE that is appropriate for the work Never wear loose clothes or jewelry Never work with oily or greasy hands Remember: You are the key controlling influence that can minimize the hazard! Page 21

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