Presentation on theme: "18. 4 America as a World Power Objectives: 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 18. 4 America as a World Power Objectives: 1 18.4 America as a World Power Objectives: 1. Explain how Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy promoted American power around the world. 2. Describe how Woodrow Wilson’s missionary diplomacy ensured U.S. dominance in Latin America.
2 Russo-Japanese WarRussia controlled Manchuria, threatened to take Korea (controlled by Japanese).Japan surprisingly defeated Russia and asked Roosevelt to mediateRussia and Japan meet in Portsmouth, New HampshireRoosevelt helps iron out a deal, wins 1906 Nobel Peace PrizeIn 1907, Roosevelt then sent out the “Great White Fleet”
4 Roosevelt and Imperialism What were Roosevelt’s major acts of foreign policy?Portsmouth Treaty b/w Russia & JapanPanama “revolution” from Colombia Nov. 1903US Navy supports the “revolution”Panama Canal built ( , $400 million)US granted Canal Zone (10 mile strip)“Big Stick” Diplomacy or “Cowboy diplomacy?”
5 Panama Canal Torn between Panama and Nicaragua Panama was a province of ColombiaAmerica helped Panama gain independence, took control of a ten mile strip wide canal zoneAmerica also retained the right to interfere, just like in Cuba10 years, $400 million, 5,600 workers(4,500 were African Amer.)Great for business, but it hurt our relationships with Latin America, especially Colombia
6 Roosevelt Corollary“Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”“Big Stick” diplomacyEuropean intervention in Latin America might:“force the United States…to the exercise of an international police power.”Taft used dollar diplomacy to keep European nations at bayWhat is Dollar Diplomacy?
7 Roosevelt Corollary“Roosevelt Corollary of December 1904 stated that the United States would intervene as a last resort to ensure that other nations in the Western Hemisphere fulfilled their obligations to international creditors, and did not violate the rights of the United States or invite "foreign aggression to the detriment of the entire body of American nations." As the corollary worked out in practice, the United States increasingly used military force to restore internal stability to nations in the region. Roosevelt declared that the United States might "exercise international police power in 'flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence.'" Over the long term the corollary had little to do with relations between the Western Hemisphere and Europe, but it did serve as justification for U.S. intervention in Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic.”
8 “Big Sister” becomes “Big Brother” Why were Latin American countries nervous of Teddy Roosevelt?Santo DomingoCuba OccupationPuerto RicoPanama Canal Encouraged a revolutionRoosevelt Corollary (“preventive intervention”)a Dominican Republicb – Cuba
9 Wilson’s “missionary diplomacy” Wilson denied recognition to any country that was “oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to U.S. interests.”MEXICAN REVOLUTION1911: Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta dictatorshipHuerta executed the previous President to gain power1914: Wilson orders US Marines to occupy VeracruzHuerta’s regime collapses. Carranza takes over.
10 PANCHO VILLA Pancho Villa and Emilio Zapata start rebellion. 1916: Villa’s “troops” invade New Mexico, kill Americans.Wilson orders John J. Pershing and 15,000 troops into Mexico to hunt down Villa.US troops fail to capture Villa, withdrawn to fight WWI.LONG-TERM EFFECT???
13 ANALYSIS: What were US foreign policy goals during the imperial era? 1. Access to foreign markets2. Built a modern navy to protect US interests3. Act as an international “police power”Was the US successful?In the short-run?In the long-run?
14 WILSON ABROAD – “MISSIONARY/MORAL DIPLOMACY” Isolationist / pacifist?Does not support dollar diplomacyLoosen grip in PhilippinesNegotiates with Japanre: CA anti-immig. lawsRestraint dealing with Mex. Revolution and HuertaInterventionist?HaitiDominican RepublicVirgin IslandsNicaraguaGen. Pershing’s invasion of Mexico in Pancho Villa Campaign
15 TERMS Panama Canal Roosevelt Corollary Dollar diplomacy Francisco “Pancho” VillaJohn J. PershingObjectives:1. Explain how Theodore Roosevelt’s foreign policy promoted American power around the world.2. Describe how Woodrow Wilson’s missionary diplomacy ensured U.S. dominance in Latin America.