Presentation on theme: "16 HTML Tables and Frames Section 16.1 Create a basic table using HTML Define borders Merge cells Align content in tables Section 16.2 Create a frames-based."— Presentation transcript:
16 HTML Tables and Frames Section 16.1 Create a basic table using HTML Define borders Merge cells Align content in tables Section 16.2 Create a frames-based Web page using HTML Create a link bar page Create a content page Create a container page Control Web page layout with frames Create links between frames YOU WILL LEARN TO…
16 HTML Tables and Frames Section 16.3 Identify inline CSS Identify internal style sheet code Create an external style sheet Use CSS for page layout YOU WILL LEARN TO…
Section 16.1 Creating Tables in HTML Focus on Reading Main Ideas HTML tables give Web page designers a great deal of control over page layout and the formatting of information. There are many HTML tags and attributes available for this purpose. Key Terms cell spacing cell padding header row header column pp. 450-454
Section pp. 450-454 Creating Tables in HTML Three sets of HTML tags define a table: - marks the beginning and end of the table area. - marks the beginning and end of a row. - marks the beginning and end of a column. Defining a Basic Table 16.1
Section 16.1 Creating Tables in HTML Using Table Attributes Controlling a table’s attributes allows you to modify the look of the table on your site. Here are some attributes you can modify: Cell spacing Cell padding Header rows Header columns Alignment cell spacing The space between the outer border of a table and the cell border. (p. 451) cell padding The space between a table cell’s border and its content. (p. 451) header row Row in a table that contains the titles for each column. (p. 452) header column Column in a table that contains the titles for each row. (p. 452) pp. 450-454
Section pp. 450-454 Creating Tables in HTML Using the align attribute in the tag centers the entire table on the Web page. Using Table Attributes 16.1
Section pp. 450-454 Creating Tables in HTML Activity 16A – Create a Table Using HTML (p. 453) 16.1
Section Creating Tables in HTML pp. 450-454 Identify Which tag set marks the beginning and end of a table row? A. B. C. D. B. Section Assessment 16.1
Section 16.2 Creating Frames in HTML Guide to Reading Main Ideas HTML frames give you the ability to display more than one Web page on the screen at the same time. You can customize hyperlinks to support frames. Key Terms frame container page left-hand navigation content page top navigation pp. 456-461
Section 16.2 Creating Frames in HTML Creating Frame Pages in HTML frame A separate region on a Web page that contains its own Web document. (p. 456) container page Page that defines the characteristics of each page in a frames- based site. (p. 457) pp. 456-461 frames A Web page with two frames is made of three documents: Link bar Content page Container page Container page, which holds the link bar and content page.
Section 16.2 Creating Frames in HTML Creating Frame Pages in HTML left-hand navigation top navigation Link bars can appear anywhere on a page. Web designers can use either left-hand navigation or top navigation. content page The content page should remain the site’s main focus. left-hand navigation A frames-based Web site with a link bar on the left side of the screen. (p. 457) top navigation A frames- based Web site with a link bar at the top of the screen. (p. 459) content page The page that contains the main information on a frames- based site and fulfills the site’s main purpose. (p. 458) pp. 456-461
Section pp. 456-461 Creating Frames in HTML To keep the link bar from changing, include the target attribute in the link’s anchor tag. This attribute tells the browser to load the target Web page into a specified frame (the content frame) rather than into the current frame. Creating Links Between Frames 16.2
Section pp. 456-461 Creating Frames in HTML Activity 16B – Create a Frames-Based Web Page (p. 459) 16.2
Section Creating Frames in HTML pp. 456-461 Examine What page contains the main information on a frames-based site? A. container page B. products page C. contact page D. content page Section Assessment 16.2
Section 16.3 Cascading Style Sheets Focus on Reading Key Terms selector class selector id selector pp. 462-466 Main Ideas Cascading style sheets provide Web designers more control over the appearance of elements within a Web page. CSS can also be used for page layout.
Section CSS and HTML 16.3 Cascading Style Sheets pp. 462-466 There are three different ways you can apply cascading style sheets (CSS) to an HTML document: Inline Inline Internal style sheets External style sheets Inline CSS and internal style sheets should be used sparingly because they do not separate content from presentation information.
Section 16.3 Cascading Style Sheets CSS and HTML pp. 462-466 selectors An external style sheet is a simple HTML document that only contains selectors along with properties and values. selector Part of HTML code that contains properties and corresponding values within curly braces that control the appearance of HTML elements. (p. 463)
Section 16.3 Cascading Style Sheets CSS and HTML pp. 462-466 class selector A class selector can be used multiple times in an HTML document. id selector An id selector is used only once in an HTML document. class selector A selector that applies the same attribute to any HTML element that references it. (p. 463) id selector A selector that identifies only one element within an HTML document. Always preceded by a # sign. (p. 463)
Section 16.3 Cascading Style Sheets pp. 462-466 You can use CSS to position elements on a Web page. There are three types of positions that you can specify: Absolute positioning uses numeric values to place elements precisely on a page. Static positioning places elements on a page normally, just as if you had laid out the page without tables or tags. Relative positioning also places elements on a page normally. However, you can adjust the position of an element relative to how it would normally appear on a page. Using CSS for Page Layout
Section Activity 16C – Create an External Style Sheet Using HTML (p. 464) Activity 16D – Use CSS to Position Page Elements (p. 465) 16.3 Cascading Style Sheets pp. 462-466
Section Cascading Style Sheets pp. 462-466 Name A(n) _____ selector applies the same attributes to any HTML element that references it. A. id B. class C. relative D. static B. class Section Assessment 16.3
16 HTML Tables and Frames Chapter Review True/False An inline style sheet is the most commonly used cascading style sheet. B. False. The most commonly used cascading style sheet is the external style sheet.
16 HTML Tables and Frames Chapter Review Define What is a cascading style sheet? A cascading style sheet can be used to control the appearance and layout of a page. It can be applied as an inline code, internal style sheet, or external style sheet.
16 HTML Tables and Frames Resources For more resources on this chapter, go to the Introduction to Web Design Using Dreamweaver Web site at WebDesignDW.glencoe.com. WebDesignDW.glencoe.com