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BTEC Level 2 First Health and Social CareUnit 2: Individual Rights within the Health and Social Care Sectors (P1 P2 P3 M1 D1) © Hodder Education 2010
Learning outcomes Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1) Understand principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals (P2, P3, M1, D1) © Hodder Education 2010
1. Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1)Social factors – how people can be classified in terms of their age, sexuality, faith and religion, etc. Political factors – legislation that protects individuals and groups of people ensures that our society remains a diverse and equal one. Equality and anti-discriminatory practice – ensuring that equality and non-discriminatory practice are maintained means that individuals are not discriminated against and are given equal opportunities. Biological factors – refers to people who may have disabilities, which could be learning difficulties or physical disabilities. Task ◊ Test your knowledge by completing worksheet 1. © Hodder Education 2010
1. Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1)Social factors © Hodder Education 2010
1. Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1)Social factors continued… Task ◊ In groups discuss how you think people may be affected in everyday life by these social factors. Give an example of each. © Hodder Education 2010
1. Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1)Political factors Legislation are laws that have been put in place by the government to protect people and promote a fair and equal society. You need to be familiar with the following pieces of legislation: The Sex Discrimination Act 1975, amended in 1986 The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA), updated in 2005 Disability Rights Commission Act 1999 The Equal Pay Act 1970, amended in 1983 The Race Relations Act 1976, amended in 2000 Consider how you have seen these pieces of legislation carried out in placement. Do you follow these in placement? © Hodder Education 2010
1. Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1)Equality and non-discriminatory practice Equality – individuals having the same opportunities. Diversity – accepting that people are different in terms of race, culture, religion, abilities and points of view. Prejudice – being biased towards individuals or groups of people because of their gender, age, health, sexuality, etc. Discrimination – treating people differently from other groups. Stereotyping – having a set of ideas or beliefs about certain individuals. Labelling – giving individuals labels, which is linked to stereotyping. Why is it important to be aware of these key terms? © Hodder Education 2010
1. Know factors that contribute to a diverse and equal society (P1)Biological factors Physical disabilities – hearing impairment, visual impairment, mobility impairment. Learning disabilities – dyslexia, autism, Asperger’s syndrome, Down’s syndrome. Task ◊ In groups discuss the meaning of the term ‘disability’. ◊ What piece of legislation will protect these individuals? © Hodder Education 2010
2. Understand principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals (P2, P3, M1, D1)Ethical considerations Professionals working in the health and social care sector must adhere to ethics, which are moral codes that must be followed in the workplace. © Hodder Education 2010
2. Understand principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals (P2, P3, M1, D1)Ethical considerations continued… Task ◊ Discuss how each of these ethical considerations can be used in social care settings. © Hodder Education 2010
2. Understand principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals (P2, P3, M1, D1)Individual rights People who work in health and social care follow the Care Value Base – a code of conduct that governs how caregivers should act. One area of the Care Value Base looks at the individual rights of clients, where they have the right to: Respect; Be treated equally and free from discrimination; Be treated as an individual; Be treated in a dignified way; Privacy; Be protected from harm and danger; Be allowed access to information about themselves; Be able to communicate using their preferred methods of communication and language; Be supported to meet their needs, which also takes into account their choices. © Hodder Education 2010
2. Understand principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals (P2, P3, M1, D1)Worker responsibilities Health and social care workers have a responsibility to ensure that clients and all service users’ individual rights are promoted and maintained by: Providing provision that enables service users to communicate their needs, views and preferences; Use of communication to support diversity; Promoting equality of opportunity; Maintaining confidentiality and being aware of the importance of disclosure; The Data Protection Act 1998 and Freedom of Information Act 2005, and understanding the need to follow these pieces of legislation in the workplace. © Hodder Education 2010
2. Understand principles and values which underpin the support given to individuals (P2, P3, M1, D1)Worker responsibilities continued… Task ◊ In pairs, produce a poster for a care home staff room that clearly explains to employees the importance of their responsibilities to the clients who use the service. © Hodder Education 2010
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