2 Map Projection- the way to show the Earth’s curved surface on a flat map. All maps distort the Earth and each one does it in a different way.Globe- A spherical presentation of the Earth and the only accurate way to show the Earth.Hemisphere- A term meaning ½ of the globe can be divided in half, north and south at the Equator or east and west at the Prime Meridian
3 Physical Map- Maps which show land forms and bodies of water Political Maps- Maps which show features humans have created on Earth such as cities, states, provinces, countries and territories.Thematic Maps- Maps which focus on one idea. Examples include population maps, vacation maps, climate maps.
5 Types of MapsCartogram- A cartogram presents information other than shape and size. The size of each country on a cartogram is determined by the data being presented. Examples would be the number of people in a country or the amount of food available.
6 Key Terms Continent- a major land area on Earth Arctic Circle- An imaginary line located 66 and ½ degrees north of the equatorTropic of Cancer- An imaginary line of latitude located at 23 and ½ degrees north of the Equator. It marks the northern boundary of the Earth’s tropical zoneEquator- An imaginary line which divides the world in half north and south.
7 Key TermsTropic of Capricorn- An imaginary line of latitude located at 23 and ½ degrees south of the Equator. It marks the southern boundary of the Earth’s tropic zone.Antarctic Circle- An imaginary line located 66 and ½ degrees south of the Equator.Prime Meridian- An imaginary line which divides the world in half east and west
8 Last slide!!!Latitude- An imaginary line that shows distances north or south of the EquatorLongitude- An imaginary line that shows distances east to west of the Prime MeridianAbsolute Location- The exact spot on the earths surface where a place is foundRelative Location- The location of one place in relation to another.