4 Early Arabs Bedouins: Nomads who herded sheep and camels. Couldn’t grow crops.Sheikh: leader of the Tribe.Cities began to appear along the coast (Mecca)Trade routes established (Caravans).
5 Muhammad Caravan Trader in Mecca 40 years old: believed the Angel Jibreel spoke to MuhammadHe was to be a prophet of AllahReceived teaching and revelations from Allah.
6 Muhammad Meets Resistance Merchants of Mecca harassed Muhammad. Believed:His thoughts/ideas disrupted their authorityOne god, Not PolytheisticPeople would stop coming to the KaabaStone building filled with idols that people worshipped
17 Back to Mecca 630 A.D.- Muhammad travels back to Mecca. Rededicated the Kaaba to worship Allah.632 A.D.- Muhammad diesConverted most people in the Middle East and N. Africa to a new religion: ISLAM
18 Beliefs in Islam One God (Allah) Followers of Islam: Muslims Islam= submission to GodFollowers of Islam: Muslims2nd Largest religion in the world: GrowingMajority live in N. Africa, Asia and E. Europe.
20 Qur’an: Holy book of Islam Word of Allah received by MuhammadSacred guide for all people.Written in Arabic: Common language of Muslims.Teaching include:Live humble lives, tolerance and generosity, no pork or alcoholAlso includes the 5 Pillars of Islam
21 5 Pillars of Islam Profession of Faith Five Daily Prayers Only one God (Allah)Muhammad: Messenger of GodFive Daily PrayersFace the direction of Mecca
22 Fasting during Ramadan Paying ZakatAnnual tax to help the poor.Fasting during RamadanEat/Drink nothing from sunrise to sunsetImportance of self-discipline
23 Pilgrimage to Mecca Make the trek at least once Meet to pray/perform rituals
25 The Jamraat (Stoning the Pillar) Plain of ArafatThe Jamraat (Stoning the Pillar)
26 Jihad: “Struggle to defend faith.” Die for the struggle: Rewarded in Heaven.
27 Mosques Muslim’s place of worship No furnishings, only mats to kneel on for prayer.Men who are trained in the Qur’an lead prayersNoon on Fridays: gather for prayer.Women: in most Islamic Culture, pray at home/ segregated in the Mosque