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Portugal Leads the Way of Exploration
Portuguese merchants were the first to establish sea trade with Asia Prince Henry was a huge supporter of exploration He would sponsored voyages of exploration Prince Henry would be known as “the Navigator” Salt of Portugal
New Technology Portuguese shipbuilders perfected the caravel
Ship design for long voyages European ships used square sails (More Power) Arabian ships used triangular sails (Quicker on Turns)
Portuguese Use Tools from Other Cultures
Borrowed the idea of the compass Astrolabe (invented by the Greeks) Measures the angle of the stars above the horizon Help sailors find their ship’s latitude
Reaching India By Prince Henry’s death, Portugal had set up trading posts in West Africa 1488 Bartolomeu Dias rounded Africa’s southern tip Vasco da Gama extended Dias route to India Set up trade post in India Portuguese moved to Indonesia
Questions Answer: Caravel, Compass, and astrolabe
What instruments were used to aid Portuguese exploration? Answer: Caravel, Compass, and astrolabe How did Portugal find an ocean route to Asia? Answer: Dias rounded the tip of Africa; da Gama extended Dias route all the way to India
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