Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Latin America 10.6. Monroe Doctrine of 1823 "the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and."— Presentation transcript:
Monroe Doctrine of 1823 "the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers.“ In summary: asked European countries not to increase their influence or recolonize any part of the Western Hemisphere
New Opportunities for Trade US Interest in Latin America –Bananas, coffee, sugar and tobacco British Interest… –Wool, wheat, beef and nitrates for fertilizers and explosives
Opportunities Cont… Improvements in Latin America –Railroads built –Port cities improved –Private investors built factories –Latin American countries began to attract new immigrants from Europe (Push-Pull)
Economic Imperialism Central gov’ts would allow foreign capital in hopes to help develop their economy and new business. Most of the investors profit would go back to mother countries but some would go back to central gov’t to improve armies, navies and to suppress internal rebellions.
American Intervention British and Falkland Islands (1833) –No US Intervention –Had earlier problems w/ Argentina –Enforcement of the Monroe Doctrine??? British and Venezuela (1895) –US intervention –Motivation=Gold
Tension in Cuba Cuba a Spanish Colony –Cubans unhappy under Spanish rule –Nationalists attempted to overthrow Spain. –US concerned w/ its own property in Cuba –US Battleship the Maine was sent to protect property, exploded in Havana Harbor killing 260 Americans.
Treaty of Paris Spain surrendered their claims to Cuba Ceded its colonies of Puerto Rico and Guam to the US Sold Philippines for $20 million to US
Post-War Cuba US Troops occupied Cuba Disbanded the Cuban army Established schools, built roads, sanitation, and helped cure diseases Platt Amendment – Gave the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs if the Cuban gov’t was threatened after gaining its independence in 1902. Permanent Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay
Roosevelt Corollary 1904 Amendment to the Monroe Doctrine to protect the canal zone. Stated that the US would use military force in any situation that threatened the independence of any country in the Western Hemisphere. Described as a policy of “speak softly but carry a big stick”.
Further US Expansion Nicaragua 1912-1933 Haiti 1915-1934 Dominican Republic 1916-1924 Cuba (again) 1906-1909 & 1912 –Reasons: Economies almost collapsed Feared they would not pay debts Virgin Islands – 1917 purchased from Denmark for naval bases.
Answer on a separate sheet of paper. In what ways was imperialism different in Latin America than it was in other parts of the world? The End!!!