Presentation on theme: "HSS MAY 24/25, 2010 DO NOW: WRITE HAN EQS IN JOURNAL 1)What did the Han Dynasty leaders believe about ruling others? 2)What was the government like under."— Presentation transcript:
HSS MAY 24/25, 2010 DO NOW: WRITE HAN EQS IN JOURNAL 1)What did the Han Dynasty leaders believe about ruling others? 2)What was the government like under the Han Dynasty? 3)What is it called when many government officials help the emperors rule the kingdom? 4)What effect did the Han Dynasty have on Chinese culture? 5)How did the Han Dynasty help expand the empire?
CORNELL NOTES SET UP A PAGE OF CORNELL NOTES: TOPIC: QIN SHI HUANGDI AND THE GREAT WALL STANDARD: 6.6.5
WHO WAS SHI HUANGDI? First Emperor of China Ruled 221-210 B.C.E. Unified China Build the first Great Wall
HOW DID HE CREATE THE EMPIRE? Prince Zheng of Qin Born 259 B.C.E. Used military, spies, bribes and alliances to conquer all the rival states 221 B.C.E. gained control of all China Adopted Legalism; ruled harshly to keep his power
How did he unify China? Standardized the culture (made it the same through all of China): – Unified laws – Made money, weights, measures the same – Simplified writing system
What kinds of laws did he make? Exact punishments for bad behavior Rich and poor punished equally Punishments included fines, forced labor, whippings and executions Personally controlled government Killed families of people who plotted against him Exiled his own mother from court
How did he standardize money? Only acceptable money was metal coins (no shells, pearls, silver or other objects) of gold or bronze. Had holes in them so could be carried on a cord. Special measuring cups made to hold equal amounts. Metalworkers made bell-shaped weights of iron or bronze.
How did he standardize writing? Got rid of many of the characters. Created a dictionary of 9,000 characters.
BRAINPOP Watch the Brainpop on the Great Wall Complete the activities and vocabulary page on your worksheet.
How did Shi Huangdi protect the border? Built a long wall along northern border Connected smaller walls built by other kingdoms Took 10 years and 300,000 workers to build wall. Some workers soldiers, some people who had been exiled. Many died working because of harsh conditions. Wall stopped invasions because could not move horses over it. Invaders would have no supplies if went over without horses or cattle.
Who opposed Shi Huangdi? Confucian Scholars Shi Huangdi executed them Burned Confucian books Marked people who kept books with a tattoo on their face and forced them to work Executed those who talked about Confucian teachings. Exiled own son for disagreeing with him.
How did the Qin Dynasty end? Shi Huangdi died 210 B.C.E. Buried in a gigantic tomb with an army of clay soldiers. Dynasty fell apart; rebellions broke out Harshness of his rule made people unhappy Caused a civil war between leaders who wanted power 206 B.C.E. Liu Bang defeated enemies and created Han Dynasty
Summary and EQs Take a minute to write a 3-5 sentence summary of your notes. Use your notes and the worksheet to answer the Essential Questions on the Qin Dynasty.
Self-Guided Notes Han Dynasty Follow directions on the worksheet to use HA! to learn about the Han Dynasty. Use your notes and HA! to answer the EQs you wrote down at the beginning of class. You will have a quiz on Wednesday about everything we discussed today in Periods 1 & 5. You will be able to use whatever notes and EQs you have to help you on the quiz.