Presentation on theme: "The Growth (and Decline) of the Suburbs"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Growth (and Decline) of the Suburbs AP Human Geography
2 Background Info: People leave rural areas for urban and cities such as Chicago experience rapid growth.1950 (post-WWII): 20% of American’s live in suburbs, 40% in small towns and 40% in big cities.2000: 50% live in suburbs, 30% in cities, 20% in small towns and rural areas.The pattern? First the growth of cities, then the growth of suburbs, and now the decline of suburbs?
3 AnnexationHistorically, cities grew larger (land) by annexing neighboring suburbs.Today, suburban residents prefer to remain suburban. Why?Originally, cities provided better services.Schools, water, police, sewers, etc.Today, suburbs can provide own services for cheaper (usually higher quality too)
4 Levels of Urbanization City- independent, self- governing unit.Ex. ChicagoUrbanized area- central city and surrounding suburbs.70% live in urbanized areas (30% in city, 40% in burbs)Ex. Chicago and surrounding suburbsMetropolitan statistical area (MSA)The area of influence of a city (functional area)Ex. Chicagoland area, including parts of Indiana and Wisconsin.
6 MegalopolisA string of MSA’s that overlap, creating one large, connected urban area.U.S. East coast from Boston to Washington DC.Think of cookies melting together.
7 Peripheral Model/ Edge City Chauncy HarrisNodes (edge Cities) located outside of the CBDConcentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional urban area in what had recently been a residential suburb or semi- rural community.Develops on the periphery of a larger city.
9 Suburban SprawlSprawl refers to the spread of urbanized areas, specifically the suburbs, into undeveloped rural areas.Suburbs grew rapidly following WWII and were still growing at a rapid pace until the housing crisis of the mid-2000’s.Now, some suburban housing developments sit vacant and have been foreclosed by banks.Negative impactsLess farmlandUnsightly developmentsLoss of natural areasSpread out…..requires auto
12 Smart Growth Limit the negative impacts of suburban sprawl. Greenbelts in EuropeAreas of wilderness/ forest between urban developmentsNew UrbanismWalkable neighborhoods that have various housing options and businesses.Return to “downtown” areasReduce the need for autoParks, squares, gardensEnvironmentally friendly
17 End of the suburbs?Many experts believe that the expansion of the suburbs in the U.S. has come to an end.Why?Baby boomer generation getting oldPeople having fewer childrenCities are desirable for younger people as gentrification occurs.