Japan’s Pacific Campaign December 7 th, 1941 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor “A Date Which Will Live In Infamy” What causes the US to enter WWII?
Japan attacks the US 1940-1941: US sends aid to KMT in China, cuts off supplies to Japan US is worried Japan may seize US territory in Pacific December 7 th, 1941: In a surprise attack, Japanese warplanes bomb US Naval ships located at Pearl Harbor, Hawai'i The Japanese attack is planned & led by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto President Roosevelt asks for a declaration of war on Japan, calling the event “A date which will live in infamy” The Pacific War Jan 1942: Japan attacks US possessions: Guam, Wake Island, Philippines Feb 1942: Japan attacks British possessions: Malaya, Hong Kong, Burma War Crime: Japan puts the allied prisoners of war on the Bataan Death March 16,000 POWs murdered Germany then declares war on the US US joins the Allied Powers US interns 110K Japanese-Americans
Map Time! Color 8,13 & 14 Blue (Allied Powers) Red Xs in 10 + Japanese Ally on key Stripe 9 & 11 in Red Bombing of Pearl Harbor Stripe Red
Allies Strike Back April 1942: US Col. James Doolittle leads bombing attack of Tokyo Little damage is done, but shows Japan is vulnerable to air attacks Battle of the Coral Sea – May 1942: Japan keeps advancing south. Both sides use aircraft carriers in battle. Allies able to stop Japan’s advances Battle of Midway – June 1942: Allied code breakers know Japan & Admiral Yamamoto were planning on attacking the island US forces led by Admiral Nimitz were hiding behind the horizon and then launched a sneak attack on the Japanese forces (turning point in war) Pacific War is led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur who uses a strategy called “island hopping”. Battle of Guadalcanal - US learns Japanese are building a huge airbase on the island of Guadalcanal Aug 1942:Aided by Australia, US wins six-month battle killing 24,000 of the 36,000 Japanese troops Japanese flee calling it “death island” Next, MacArthur liberates Philippines, keeping his promise to return Take less defended islands first, return later for others Gen. Douglas MacArthur
Map Time! Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of Midway Battle of Guadalcanal