1-Russia has a large coastline, but does not benefit from its closeness to the sea. Explain why it does not benefit.
Because of its northern location; most of its coast lies along waters that are frozen for much of the year.
2-As a result, Russia has few _________ year-round.
2-As a result, Russia has few seaports that are free of ice year-round.
3-Through the ________ in the ___________, though, Russian ships have a warm-water route to the ______________________.
3-Through the Black Sea in the southwest, though, Russian ships have a warm-water route to the Mediterranean Sea.
4-Most of European Russia lies on the Northern European Plain; list 5 facts about this area
Fertile Russia’s mildest climate About 75% of Russians live here Moscow, the capital and St. Petersburg, a large port city near the Baltic Sea are located in this region It contains much of Russia’s agriculture and industry
5-Good _______ lies further ______ along the _____ and other rivers. This area consists of a nearly ________________.
5-Good farmland lies further south along the Volga and other rivers. This area consists of a nearly treeless grassy plain.
6-To the far ______ of European Russia are the rugged _______________. Located near a __________, the ________ area is prone to destructive _______________.
6-To the far south of European Russia are the rugged Caucasus Mountains. Located near a fault line, the Caucasus area is prone to destructive earthquakes.
7-East of the Urals is _______ Russia, which includes _________. Northern Siberia has one of the ______ ______________ in the world.
7-East of the Urals is Asian Russia, which includes Siberia. Northern Siberia has one of the coldest climates in the world.
Vast treeless plain Remains frozen much of the year Few people live there
9-How do the people of northern Siberia make their living?
Fishing Hunting seals and walruses Herding reindeer
10-To the ______of the northern plains area is a region of ____________ where people make their living by _________ or _______. ________________________ ___________the ________part of Siberia
10-To the south of the northern plains area is a region of dense forests where people make their living by lumbering or hunting. Plains, plateaus and mountain ranges cover the southern part of Siberia
11-List 4 facts about the Kamchatka Peninsula. [See page 372 for additional information]
1-Far eastern part of Russia 2-Mountainous 3-Part of the Ring of Fire [ many volcanoes and earthquakes occur around the edge of the Pacific Ocean..... plates do not meet head on, but move alongside each other...this movement makes cracks called faults: cause earthquakes.] 4-Region along the rim of the Pacific Ocean where tectonic plates meet and cause the Earth’s crust to be unstable: causes Kamchatka to have many volcanoes
14- a-Where is the Caspian Sea located? b-List 3 facts about the Caspian Sea
14- a-Where is the Caspian Sea located? Southwestern Russia b-List 3 facts about the Caspian Sea 1-Largest inland body of water in the world Saltwater lake 2-Important resource for fishing 3-Major oil and gas deposits are found near of under it.
15- a-Where is Lake Baikal located? b-List 2 facts about Lake Baikal
15- a-Where is Lake Baikal located? Southern Siberia b-List 2 facts about Lake Baikal 1-World’s deepest freshwater lake 2-Holds 1/5th of the worlds supply of unfrozen freshwater
16-Russia is rich in natural resources. It is a leader in reserves of fossil fuels. What are fossil fuels?
17-Russia also has major deposits of _______, which the Russians have used to develop a large _______ industry.
17-Russia also has major deposits of iron ore, which the Russians have used to develop a large steel industry.
18-Russia’s other great resource is _____. _______ cover much of ______, and Russia produces about a ____of the world’s _______. This wood from evergreen trees is used in ________ and for making __________.
18-Russia’s other great resource is timber. Trees cover much of Siberia, and Russia produces about a fifth of the world’s softwood. This wood from evergreen trees is used in buildings and for making furniture.
19-What inhibits Russians to use its many resources?
20-Siberia’s lack of infrastructure make it difficult to use its resources. Define: infrastructure.
20-Siberia’s lack of infrastructure make it difficult to use its resources. Define: infrastructure. System of roads and railroads for transporting materials.
21-Explain how the climate of Siberia makes it difficult to use its resources.
The cold climate means that workers have to keep their equipment from freezing Some advances in technology have made it easier to collect its resources. A pipeline now carries natural gas from Siberia to Europe.