Presentation on theme: " Born Newburyport MA, Dec. 1805 Deserted by father young age, forced to work from young age By 13 worked for Newbury Herald, gave skills for own."— Presentation transcript:
Born Newburyport MA, Dec. 1805 Deserted by father young age, forced to work from young age By 13 worked for Newbury Herald, gave skills for own paper Became abolitionist by 25 Arrested criticizing a merchant involved in slave trade When he was released decided he wanted "immediate and complete emancipation of all slaves". Started Liberator, began slow, eventually a prominent abolitionist paper September 4, 1834, Garrison married Helen Eliza Benson who he had 7 children with (2 died at young age) Formed anti-slave groups Extremely radical – burned constitution at rally Criticized Lincoln – Union > Slavery Published til passing of 13 th Amendment Fought for women’s suffrage, pacifism, and temperance until death Died on May 24 th 1879 (74 years old)
1830’s – 1870’s Attempted emancipate slaves and end segregation and discrimination Emerged as a result of the Second Great Awakening (1820’s) Many anti-slavery groups arose A lot of literature published along with petitions Some acts of violence such as Harper’s Ferry –John Brown lead attack of federal armory to try to encourage slaves to make emancipation army Movement ended with 13 th Amendment Many supported other movements such as women’s suffrage, pacifism, and temperance
Made a name for himself by preaching the immediate emancipation of all slaves. Wrote for the abolitionist newspapers The Genius of Universal Emancipation and The Liberator. In 1832 he helped organize the New England Anti- Slavery Society, and, the following year, the American Anti-Slavery Society. These organizations admitted women, which was very controversial at the time. However, he helped illuminate the possible advancement for rights of women. Was one of the first to use nonviolent and passive tactics. Garrison and fellow abolitionists George Thompson and Wendell Phillips
Persistence: Had to be heard "I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation.... I am in earnest -- I will not equivocate -- I will not excuse -- I will not retreat a single inch -- AND I WILL BE HEARD.“ Non-violence Passive resistance Wrote anti slavery newspaper “the Liberator” Created the New England Anti-Slavery Society, and the American Anti-Slavery Society
The strong opinions that Garrison expressed in his writing and speaking within the organizations he was apart of, gained him an immense nationwide reputation as well as many followers. He proved to be a leader in the effort for immediate emancipation of slaves. Garrison’s continual attempt for women’s suffrage inspired many others to continue in the endeavor. Garrison’s pacifistic views also provided an example for people in the future to follow.
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“My country is the world; my countrymen are mankind.” "Posterity will bear testimony that I was right."