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National AIDS Control Programme 1. National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) launched under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in 1992 NACP I (1992 – 1999)

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Presentation on theme: "National AIDS Control Programme 1. National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) launched under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in 1992 NACP I (1992 – 1999)"— Presentation transcript:

1 National AIDS Control Programme 1

2 National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) launched under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in 1992 NACP I (1992 – 1999) NACP II (1999 – 2006) NACP III (2007 – 2012) National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) 2

3 NACP I & II NACP I (1992 – 1999) Understanding the trends of HIV infection Establishing blood banks – provide safe blood transfusion Raising awareness in the general community NACP II (1999 – 2006) Establishing Targeted Interventions Increasing sentinel surveillance Raising awareness on HIV Conducting behavioural surveillance surveys 3

4 NACP III (2007–2012) Goal: To halt and reverse HIV epidemic in India over five years Objectives 1.Preventing new infections 2.Care, support and treatment 3.Strengthening capacities 4.Building strategic information management systems 4 Contd…

5 NACP III (2007–2012) Continued emphasis on prevention Significant scaling-up of activities (increased targets) TIs with greater focused approach (sex workers, IDU and MSM interventions) Empowering and capacity building to manage TIs 5 Contd…

6 Blood safety Integrated Counselling and Testing including PPTCT STI care IEC and social mobilisation Mainstreaming Targeted Interventions STI care Condom promotion NSEP Enabling environment ART HIV-TB co- ordination Treatment of opportunistic infections Community care centres Post-Exposure Prophylaxis HIV Sentinel Surveillance Behavioural Surveillance Monitoring and Evaluation Operations research DAPCU Technical resource groups Enhanced HR at NACO, SACS and districts Enhanced training activities Prevention High risk populatio ns Low risk populatio ns Care & support Monitoring and Evaluation Institutional Strengthenin g Care, Support & Treatment Strategic Information Management Capacity Building 6 NACP III (2007–2012)


8 8 Targeted Interventions Under NACP-III 1. More focused approach Core Groups FSWs IDUs MSM Bridge Population Truckers Migrant Workers 2. Specific package of services for HRGs Components of Targeted Intervention (TI) Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) Management of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Condom Promotion Needle Syringe Exchange Programmes (NSEP) Enabling Environment Referrals & Linkages Community Mobilization

9 Components of TI 9 Condom Promotion Management of STIs Community Mobilization Enabling Environment Referrals & Linkages Behaviour Change Communication HRGs Needle Syringe Exchange Programmes (NSEP)


11 Routes of HIV Transmission NACO Annual Report 2010-11 HIV infection in India is mostly through sexual route. Just 2 out of 100 HIV positive people are IDU. Why bother with IDU programmes when the ratio is less as compared to sexual route? 11

12 12 9 out of 100 IDUs are infected with HIV (HIV Sentinel Surveillance, 2008-09). This is the average for the country. However, high rate of HIV (>5%) among IDUs in many sites/ cities ensures a high chance of spread of HIV from IDU to IDU as well as to the general community HIV Prevalence – Various Groups

13 Substance Users IDUs RISK RINGS HIV Wives and girlfriends of clients Husbands and boyfriends of FSWs Clients of FSWs Wives and girlfriends of substance users Female Sex Workers (FSWs) IDUs & HIV IDU HIV among IDUs is not confined to IDU group alone; it spreads from IDUs to other population groups, thus generalising the HIV epidemic 13

14 IDU TIs in NACP III Estimates: 190,000 IDUs in the country Objective: prevent transmission of HIV Approach: harm reduction (incorporated in the National AIDS Prevention and Control Policy, 2002) Service delivery Targeted Interventions Delivery by NGOs Provision of services at doorstep of IDU Service recipients: IDUs & sexual partners 14

15 Harm Reduction Services NSEP Outreach and counselling Condoms Basic STI services Advocacy Direct service deliveryLinkageservices Oral Substitution Therapy (OST) Linkages Services Tier3 2Tier 1 There would be 3 tiers of harm reduction services offered to IDUs through TI. Tier 1 & 2 would be offered by NGOs; Tier 3 would be provided through linkage/referral 15

16 Tier 1: Outreach Activity  Delivered through ORW and PE  Services Needle Syringe Exchange Programmes (NSEP) Condoms - free distribution & social marketing Primary health care, STI and abscess management Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) Advocacy 16

17 Tier 2: Opioid Substitution Treatment Delivery by NACO accredited agencies Substitution agents: Buprenorphine, Methadone Initiated by a trained physician and administered by trained personnel Psychosocial services Follow-up by PM and ORW/PE Provision/link to Tier 1 Services Strict record maintenance 17

18 Tier 3: Linkage Services Linkages ICTC (voluntary informed consent) ART, DOTS, RCH Accompanied referrals by ORW/ PE Established referral networks with medical, legal and welfare schemes Linkage with detoxification and rehabilitation centres 18

19 Enabling Environment ‘To create a milieu where IDUs are able to access services freely without interference’ Advocacy with Law enforcement agencies Community leaders Health workers General population 19

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