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Solution A uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one solute
Solvent Part of a solution present in the largest amount
Solute The substance that is present in a solution in a smaller amount and is dissolved by the solvent
Dilute solution Has only a little solute dissolved in an amount of solvent
Concentrated solution Has a lot of solute dissolved in an amount of solvent
Saturated solution When the solution cannot dissolve any more solute
Acid Compounds whose characteristic properties include the kinds of reactions they undergo
Corrosive To wear away other materials
Indicator A compound that changes color when in contact with acid or a base
Base Another group of compounds that can be identified by common properties
Hydrogen ion An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
Hydroxide ion A negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
pH scale A range of values from 0 to 14, it expresses the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
Neutralization A reaction between an acid and a base
Salt Any ionic compound that can be made form the neutralization of an acid with a base
Organic compound Compounds that contain carbon
Hydrocarbon Compounds that contain the elements carbon and hydrogen
Saturated hydrocarbon A hydrocarbon that is classified when having only single bonds
Unsaturated hydrocarbon A hydrocarbon that has double or triple bonds
Alcohol A substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl groups
Polymer A large molecule made of a chain of many smaller molecules bonded together
Protein Formed from smaller molecules called amino acids
Amino acid A monomer that is a building block of proteins
Carbohydrate An energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Glucose One of the most important sugars in the body
Starch The complex carbohydrate
Cellulose Used for plants to build strong stems and roots
Lipid Energy-rich compounds made of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen
Fatty acid Fats an oils are made from fatty acid
Cholesterol An important lipid that is found in all animal cells.
Nucleic acid Very large organic molecules made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus.
Chemistry of Carbon Molecules
Chapter 8 – Carbon Chemistry
Chemistry of Life Unit When water, H2O, is created, hydrogen and oxygen share the electrons The oxygen has a slightly negative charge The hydrogen’s have.
Life with Carbon Chapter 8 Section 4
Assessing Chemical Bonds 1) What type of bond creates unequal sharing of electrons? n A) Polar Covalent n B) Nonpolar covalent n C) Ionic n D) Hydrogen.
8-4: Life With Carbon What four classes of organic compounds are required by living things, and how are they used in the body?
Carbon Compounds Section 2.3.
The Chemistry of Life Chapter 2. Periodic Table of the Elements.
Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life. ATOMS Are the smallest particles of an element that has all the properties of that element They are the building.
Chemistry of Life. n Matter -- anything that has MASS and takes up SPACE n EVERYTHING is made of matter.
1) Properties of Water Water is a polar covalent solvent
UNIT 1: INTRODUCING BIOLOGY Chapter 2: Chemistry of life
Section 6.3 – Life Substances
Matter & the Environment. Key Question Why is chemistry crucial or central to environmental science? – Chemistry is crucial to understanding how pollutants.
What four classes of organic compounds are required by living things, and how are they used in the body? Science Standard 8.6.b Science Standard 8.6.b:
Living things consist of atoms of different elements.
2-3 Carbon Compounds.
2-3 Carbon Compounds. Carbon Compounds Organic chemistry – the study of compounds that contain bonds between carbon atoms.
The Chemistry of Life The Properties of Water. The Water Molecule The water molecule (H 2 0) is neutral. Polar molecules- a molecule in which the charges.
Carbon can combine in many ways with itself and other elements Four valence electrons Carbon has a central role in the chemistry of living things.
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