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Spatial Models of Urban Land Use (Ch. 13)

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Presentation on theme: "Spatial Models of Urban Land Use (Ch. 13)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Spatial Models of Urban Land Use (Ch. 13)
DISCUSSION: * Which one of these models best reflects the land use patterns where you live? 1

2 Concentric Zone Model 1920s (Burgess) – land-use pattern follows concentric rings around the city center (CBD) Newest settlers in city use older housing near city center. Previous groups move outward to higher-income areas (suburbs) DISCUSSION: * What evidence do you see for the concept of invasion-and-succession in your city? * Are there homes that were once the best available that are now lived in by individuals of lesser economic status? 2

3 Concentric Zone Model

4 Sector Model 1939 (Hoyt) - Land use = pie-shaped wedges radiating from CBD High-income areas along fashionable streets, waterfronts, or on high ground Industry along river or rails Low-income near industry Middle-income between low and high sectors DISCUSSION: * How would you design the Sector Model to reflect your town or city's layout? 4

5 Hoyt Sector Model

6 Multiple-Nuclei Model
Post WW2 - Early days of suburbanization Downtown CBD not only core of business land use Other nuclei develop - special retail districts, office parks, light manufacturing in city Metro areas develop “suburban downtowns” (called “edge cities”) - Tech Center DISCUSSION: * What areas are there other than the CBD which have a heavy concentration of non-residential land uses in this model? * Where are they located? * How does the Urban Realms concept differ from the original Multiple Nuclei Model? 6

7 Multiple Nuclei Model

8 APPLYING THE MODELS: The models help us understand where people with different social characteristics tend to live within an urban area. The models must be COMBINED to explain why people live where they do.

9 Hi! I’m Joe!

10 And I’m John!

11 Hello! Patty here!

12 I’m Rose and I’m really busy.

13 Spatial Models of Urban Land Use (Ch. 13)
DISCUSSION: * Which one of these models best reflects the land use patterns where you live? 13

14 CONCLUSION: Putting the models together we can identify the neighborhood in which people of varying socio-economic backgrounds are most likely to live.

15 Analyzing Urban Models Concentric Zone
Benefits (pros) Drawbacks (cons)

16 Analyzing Urban Models Sector Model
Benefits (pros) Drawbacks (cons)

17 Analyzing Urban Models Multiple Nuclei
Benefits (pros) Drawbacks (cons)

18 Urban sprawl – contemporary problem
Low-density “leapfrog” developments beyond urban edge Lack of coordinated planning between jurisdictions Consequence of car-dependent urban growth DISCUSSION: * Would you prefer to live in the city center or in one of these houses facing the open prairie? Why? 18

19 Contemporary urban trends
“New Urbanism” DISCUSSION: * What are the advantages of "new urbanism"? * What are the drawbacks to "new urbanism"? Town Center, Highlands Ranch 19

20 Gentrification Definition
Words associated w/ but not used in the definition Definition Gentrification A non-example w/ explanation An example w/ explanation

21 Gentrification and Downtown Revitalization
Contemporary urban trends Gentrification and Downtown Revitalization

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