When we tell people what somebody said or thought, we often use reported speech. Tenses and pronouns (I, you...) change in reported speech if the time and speaker are different
SOMEBODY SAIDREPORTED SPEECH „ I’m happy.“ „I have a problem.“ „She likes me.“ „My hands are cold.“ Ann said that she was happy. I said that I had a problem. He said that she liked him. She said that her hands were cold.
'I speak French.' – He said........... spoke French. 'I'm sorry.' – She said..........was sorry. 'Ann phoned me.' – She said Ann had phoned........ 'We want our money.' – They said....... wanted........ money. 'You are late.' – She said........ was late. he she her theytheir I
Present simple I’m a singer. Present continuous I’m having lunch. Present perfect We’ve been to France three times. Past simple I bought a new car. Past simple He said he was a singer. Past continuous She said she was having lunch. Past perfect They said they had been to France three times. Past perfect He said he had bought a new car.
She said she wanted to go home. I want to go home.
They said they were watching a sitcom. We are watching a sitcom.
She said she had eaten spaghetti for dinner. I ate spaghetti for dinner.
They said they had never smoked We have never smoked.
Can/can’t “I can meet with you next Monday.” will/ won’t “I’ll pick him up at the airport.” “I won’t tell anybody your secret.” Could/ couldn’t She said she could meet with me next Monday. Would/ wouldn’t She said she’d pick him up at the airport. She said she wouldn’t tell anybody my secret.
Bill (yesterday): "I won't work late today. " a) Bill said he shouldn't work late yesterday. b) Bill said he wouldn't work late yesterday. c) Bill said he couldn't work late yesterday. Jerry: "I'll help you!" a) Jerry said I would help him. b) Jerry said he would help me. c) Jerry said he won't help me.
Sharon: "I can give you a ride." a) Sharon said she is giving me a ride. b) Sharon said she has given me a ride. c) Sharon said she could give me a ride. Sue: “Sorry, I can’t talk now. I’m at work.” a) Sue said she wanted to talk. b) Sue said she couldn’t talk. c) Sue said she can’t talked.
todaythat day tomorrow the day after/ the next day yesterdaythe day before/ the previous day nowthen next week the next week last weekthe week before/ the previous week Other expressions that change: here there this that
Emily: "Our teacher will go to London tomorrow." Emily said that...................................................... Michael: "I am going to read a book this week." Michael said that...................................... Helen: "I wrote a letter yesterday." Helen told me that.............................................. their teacher would go to London the next day. he was going to read a book that week. she had written a letter the day before.
The reporting verb is ask The tense changes are the same as for reported statements When we report questions, the subject comes before the verb. "Where are you going?„ He asked me where I was going.
He asked me why he was shouting. "Why is he shouting?"
Mum asked her what she was praying for. "What are you praying for?"
I asked them what they had bought. "What did you buy?"