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Human Rights (The Dynamics ) Professor Arvind Jasrotia Department of Law University of Jammu.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Rights (The Dynamics ) Professor Arvind Jasrotia Department of Law University of Jammu."— Presentation transcript:

1 Human Rights (The Dynamics ) Professor Arvind Jasrotia Department of Law University of Jammu

2 Human Rights  Human Rights are those rights which are absolutely essential for the survival, existence and personality development of human beings.  Human Rights are Inherent, Inalienable and Universal.

3 Human Rights ( Indian Context) Human Rights mean the rights relating to Life, Liberty, Equality and Dignity of the Individuals guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by the Courts in India.

4 Human Rights  Know Them  Demand Them  Defend Them

5 Evolution of Human Rights  Western Perspective  Eastern Perspective

6 Kinds of Human Rights 1.Civil and Political Rights ( First Generation of Human Rights ) 1.Economic, Social and Cultural Rights ( Second Generation of Human Rights ) 2.Solidarity Rights ( Third Generation of Human Rights )

7 International Legal Regime  UN Charter  Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966

8 Regional Mechanism  European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, 1950  American Convention on Human Rights, 1969  African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 1981

9 INDIAN CONTEXT The Constitution of India PREAMBLE We, the People of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to its citizens; Justice: Social, Economic and Political Liberty: of Thought, Expression, Belief, Faith and Worship Equality: of Status and of Opportunity Fraternity : assuring the Dignity of the individual and Unity and Integrity of the Nation

10 Fundamental Rights (Part III) 1.Right to Equality (Articles 14-18) 2.Right to Freedom (Articles 19-22) 3.Right against Exploitation (Articles 23-24) 4.Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles 25-28) 5.Cultural and Educational Rights (Art. 29-30) 6.Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)

11 Directive Principles of State Policy (Part IV) 1.Promotion of social order in which justice -- Social, Economic and Political shall inform all institutions of national life 2.Minimize inequalities in income, status, facilities and opportunities 3.Adequate means of livelihood 4.Ownership and control of material resources to be distributed so as to subserve the common good. 5.Operation of economic system does not result in concentration of wealth 6.Equal Justice and Free Legal Aid 7.Organization of Village Panchayats 8.Right to work, education and public assistance 9.Just and humane conditions of work 10.Participation of workers in the management of industry 11.Protection of Environment 12.Uniform Civil Code

12 Fundamental Duties (Part IV-A) a)To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions b)To protect sovereignty, unity and integrity of India c)To defend country and render national service d)To promote harmony and brotherhood e)To value and preserve rich heritage of our composite culture f)To protect and improve natural environment g)To develop scientific temper, humanism, spirit of enquiry and reform h)To safeguard public property and to abjure violence i)To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity j)As a parent/guardian to provide education to his child between 6 and 14 years

13 Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993  National Human Rights Commission  State Human Rights Commission  Human Rights Courts


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