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WHMIS TRAINING. INTRODUCTION WHMIS is a Canada-wide system designed to provide information on how to safely USE, STORE, and HANDLE workplace hazardous.

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Presentation on theme: "WHMIS TRAINING. INTRODUCTION WHMIS is a Canada-wide system designed to provide information on how to safely USE, STORE, and HANDLE workplace hazardous."— Presentation transcript:


2 INTRODUCTION WHMIS is a Canada-wide system designed to provide information on how to safely USE, STORE, and HANDLE workplace hazardous materials. WHMIS legislation makes EMPLOYERS responsible for providing their workers with work-specific training and education regarding hazardous products

3 INTRODUCTION WHMIS Training will help employees gain the ability to recognize hazardous products used on the work site Once hazardous products are recognized training will assist employees how to: 1. Locate information on the hazards and 2. Utilize proper handling techniques for these materials

4 LEGISLATION WHMIS is enforced by a combination of federal and provincial legislation. Federal legislation requires suppliers/importers of hazardous materials (controlled products) to provide adequate labels and MSDSs as a condition of sale and importation. Federal, provincial, and territorial Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) legislation requires employers to provide labels, MSDSs, and worker education programs in the workplace.


6 HAZARDOUS PRODUCT ACT The Hazardous Product Act has issued regulations identifying: 1. What is a controlled product? 2.Material Safety Data Sheets [MSDS] required for the sale of controlled product 3. Information to be disclosed on an MSDS 4. Ingredient disclosure and identity 5. Labeling requirements of controlled products

7 CONTROLLED PRODUCTS REGULATIONS A “ Controlled Product ” is defined as: Any product, material or substance determined in accordance with Part IV of the Controlled Products Regulations to be included in the classes listed in Schedule II of the Hazardous Products Act.


9 WHMIS OBJECTIVES Identify Hazardous materials on the work site Improve the communication of health hazard information of materials used on the work site Protect employees from exposure to hazardous materials through safety equipment, training, and procedures

10 CONSUMER PRODUCTS Consumer products can be controlled products under WHMIS Products such as Bleach, WD40, Paint and Glue are controlled products and therefore are subject to the WHMIS regulations

11 3 BASIC ELEMENTS OF WHMIS Site Specific Training and Education Product Labels Material Safety Data Sheets [MSDS]

12 CONTROLLED PRODUCTS WHMIS defines all substances which fall within the WHMIS criteria as “ Controlled Products ” whether they are substances which are brought into the worksite or are produced there. These products must have labels and a Material Safety Data Sheet [MSDS]


14 CLASS A: COMPRESSED GAS This class includes compressed gases, dissolved gases, and gases liquefied by compression or refrigeration WHMIS SYMBOLS

15 CLASS B: FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL This class includes solids, liquids, and gases capable of catching fire in the presence of a spark or open flame under normal working conditions. WHMIS SYMBOLS

16 CLASS C: OXIDIZING MATERIAL These materials increase the risk of fire if they come in contact with flammable or combustible materials. WHMIS SYMBOLS

17 CLASS D: POISONOUS AND INFECTIOUS MATERIAL Division 1: Materials Causing Immediate and Serious Toxic Effects These materials can cause death or immediate injury when a person is exposed to small amounts. Examples: sodium cyanide, hydrogen sulphide WHMIS SYMBOLS

18 CLASS D: POISONOUS AND INFECTIOUS MATERIAL Division 2: Materials Causing Other Toxic EFFECTS These materials can cause life-threatening and serious long-term health problems as well as less severe but immediate reactions in a person who is repeatedly exposed to small amounts. WHMIS SYMBOLS

19 CLASS D: POISONOUS AND INFECTIOUS MATERIAL Division 3: Biohazardous Infectious MATERIAL These materials contain harmful micro-organisms that have been classified into Risk Groups 2, 3, and 4 as determined by the World Health Organization (WHO) or the Medical Research Council of Canada. WHMIS SYMBOLS

20 CLASS E: CORROSIVE MATERIAL This class includes caustic and acid materials that can destroy the skin or eat through metals. Examples: sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid WHMIS SYMBOLS

21 CLASS F: DANGEROUSLY REACTIVE MATERIAL These products may self-react dangerously (for example, they may explode) upon standing or when exposed to physical shock or to increased pressure or temperature, or they emit toxic gases when exposed to water. WHMIS SYMBOLS

22 MULTIPLE HAZARDS A controlled product can have multiple hazards associated with it Example: Methanol

23 SUPPLIER LABELS All WHMIS content in a Supplier Label must be within the standard dashed WHMIS border. Information contained on a Supplier Label must be in English and French, and include: 1. Product Identifier 2. Supplier Identifier 3. Hazard Symbols 4. MSDS Statement 5. Risk Phrases 6. First Aid Measures 7. Precautionary Measures May also include Trade Secret Exemption (if applicable) 3yr exemption

24 WORKPLACE LABELS Product Identifier Information on the Hazards and Safe Handling Statement that an MSDS is Available Workplace labels are required on containers for each controlled product produced and used on-site, On secondary containers after a product has been transferred from the original container, and On containers where the supplier label is missing or not readable Information on a Workplace Label includes:

25 OTHER LABELS Other labels that may indicate that a product is controlled can include: NFPA or HMIS labels Transportation of Dangerous Goods [TDG] labels

26 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS [MSDS] Material Safety Data Sheets [MSDS] are technical documents that provide detailed and comprehensive information on controlled products. Information provided includes: Health Effects of Exposure Hazard Evaluation regarding handling, storage and use Measures to protect employees who may be at risk of exposure Emergency Procedures

27 1. Product Identity 2. Hazardous Ingredients 3. Physical and Chemical Data 4. Fire and Explosive Data 5.Reactivity Data 6.Toxicological Properties 7. Preventative Measures 8. First Aid Measures 9. Preparation Data A properly prepared WHMIS Material Safety Data Sheet must have the following information MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS [MSDS]

28 When there is a change in the information or new information is added, the Material Safety Data Sheet [MSDS] must be revised. This is the responsibility of the producer of the controlled product. A Material Safety Data Sheet [MSDS] must be updated and replaced every three years, whether or not there are any changes in the information MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS [MSDS]

29 Material Safety Data Sheet format will vary from supplier to supplier A Material Safety Data Sheet [MSDS] is compliant with WHMIS as long a s all necessary information is disclosed. You may have a 9-section or a 16-section Material Safety Data Sheet Familiarize yourself where the Material Safety Data Sheets are kept within your worksite MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS [MSDS]

30 SUPPLIER ’ S RESPONSIBILITIES To classify a product as a controlled or uncontrolled product Apply supplier label to all controlled products sold Provide a Material Safety Data Sheet [MSDS] for controlled products provided

31 EMPLOYER ’ S RESPONSIBILITIES To provide the employee with: Material Safety Data Sheets [MSDS] Workplace Labels WHMIS Training

32 EMPLOYEE ’ S RESPONSIBILITY To participate in WHMIS training To apply the knowledge in the workplace

33 PHYSICAL STATES OF CHEMICALS Solids Liquid / Mists / Vapours Gases

34 ROUTES OF ENTRY Hazardous Materials can enter the body through Inhalation Ingestion Absorption Injection

35 CONTROL OF HAZARDS Hazards in the workplace can be controlled At the Source Along the Path At the Worker

36 TYPES OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Eye Glasses Face Shields Apron Dust Mask Cartridge Respirator Gloves Supplied Air Respirator Chemical Footwear Full Body Suit

37 CHOOSING THE CORRECT PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Consult the Materials Safety Data Sheet [MSDS] Review Supplier Label or Workplace Label on the controlled product being used Ask your supervisor for assistance if necessary

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