Presentation on theme: "POPULATIONS AND ECOSYSTEMS. ECOSYSTEM Any group of living and nonliving things interacting with each other. 2 types: Terrestrial Ecosystem- land based."— Presentation transcript:
ECOSYSTEM Any group of living and nonliving things interacting with each other. 2 types: Terrestrial Ecosystem- land based Aquatic Ecosystem- water based
TERRESTRIAL (LAND) Grassland- big open spaces with only a few bushes and trees found by rivers and streams. Soil is fertile, so crops grow well. Deserts- land of extreme heat and dryness. Forests- Tall trees/wooded areas
AQUATIC (WATER) Ponds- body of water shallow enough to allow plant roots to reach the bottom. Lakes- too deep to support plant root except near the shore. Water temperature is different between the bottom layer and upper layer of the water. Oceans- covers 3/4ths of the Earth’s surface
ESTUARIES Enclosed body of water where fresh water and salt water meet and mix.
SALT MARSHES Barrier where the land meets the sea, such as barrier islands or coastal areas.
CONTINENTAL SHELF Where most life lives. Land under the ocean that gently slopes to a point which there is a steep drop off. Shoreline/coastline- Edge of a body of water.
PLANKTON microscopic organisms that drift on the oceans' currents and are the beginning of the food chain for most of the planet. Found close to the surface because they need the sun’s energy.
BIOMES Similar ecosystems throughout the world grouped together based on climate factors. Tundra Taiga Deciduous forest Tropical rainforest
DECIDUOUS FORESTS Area of high amounts of trees that change with the seasons.
RAIN FOREST Near the equator and receives rain all year long. Covers only 6% of Earth’s land, but produces 40% of Earth’s oxygen.
TUNDRA Located at the top of the world near the North Pole. Permafrost, permanent frozen layer of ground that briefly thaws during the short summer.
TAIGA Below (South of) the Tundra contains thick evergreen forests. Temperatures are below freezing in winter and summers are short, warm/humid, and rainy. Most animals in this area are predators.
TRANSFER OF ENERGY Producers- plants, bacteria, and alga, which use photosynthesis Consumers- animals that rely on other organisms for food. Decomposers- organisms that break down dead organic matter. Creates materials that are used by producers.
CONSUMERS Primary(herbivores)- plant eaters. Secondary(carnivor es)- flesh eaters. Tertiary (omnivores)- eat both plants and animals
SYMBIOSIS Relationship in which two species live closely together and depend on each other.
FOOD CHAIN Steps energy is passed from producer to consumer.
FOOD WEB Shows the relationship between many organisms.
ENERGY PYRAMID Ratio of an ecosystem between producers, consumers, and decomposers. Largest amount of energy comes from the sun. https://www.brainpop.com/sci ence/energy/energypyramid/ preview.weml
CARRYING CAPACITY Number of individuals in a population that the resources of a habitat can support. (Balance) Example
FERTILE Capable of supporting a large population of life.
FAUNA Animal life of a particular region, period, or special environment.